CBD 101: What Does CBD Stand For?
If you’re learning about CBD for the first time, there are probably a ton of questions going through your head. You’ve already determined that the term “CBD” is clearly an acronym, and naturally, the next question that comes to mind is “So, what does CBD stand for?”
A Google search and a few clicks later, and here you are reading this article.
First off, welcome to CBD Origin, we’re so happy to have you. CBD Origin is the leading online publication for CBD knowledge and we’ve made it our mission to provide our readers with all the information and resources they need to fully understand what CBD is and how it can be used in their lives.
Naturally, answering the first question “What does CBD stand for?” is right up our alley.
What Does CBD Stand For?
First off, the three letters “C”, “B”, “D” do not represent an abbreviated form of any three terms, so CBD is technically not an acronym.
“CBD” is the abbreviation for the specific cannabis-derived compound, Cannabidiol.
Occasionally, you will see people misuse the term CBD to refer more generally to cannabinoids, which would include not only Cannabidiol, but other cannabinoids like Delta-9 THC, cannabigerol, Delta-8, etc. That is not the correct definition though, and CBDs is not a plural for cannabinoids in general.
What is Cannabidiol?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the many active compounds that are naturally produced in cannabis known as cannabinoids.
While there is still much to learn about these unique compounds, researchers have confirmed that cannabinoids are the source of the cannabis plant’s various medicinal and recreational properties.
Unlike some of the other cannabinoids, most notably Tetrahyrdacannbinol (THC), CBD is a non-intoxicating compound, which means that it will not induce the mind-altering effects associated with “being high.”
Essentially, CBD can deliver the natural, therapeutic properties of the cannabis plant, without the negative side effects of traditional cannabis use.
How Does CBD Work?
While it was initially believed that cannabinoids were only found in cannabis, in the middle of the 20th century, researchers discovered that cannabinoids were produced in the body of most mammals as part of the Endocannabinoid system (ECS).
The ECS is comprised of millions of endocannabinoid receptors, which are classified into two groups: CB1 receptors and CB2 receptors.
The ECS is spread throughout the body in core health systems including the digestive system, central nervous system, cardiovascular system, and immune system. By utilizing the CB1 and CB2 receptors to relay neurological signals across the body, the ECS acts as a biological communication system that helps to moderate and maintain important functions throughout the body.
Discover the Wonders of CBD
Now that we’ve discussed What CBD stands for and shared some general information about CBD, your journey into the amazing world of CBD has just begun.
While there is still so much to learn about this amazing cannabinoid, what we have discovered thus far is absolutely amazing. We are very excited for you and are honored to help guide you through your journey to learn all about CBD and the many ways it can be used to improve your life.
Explore the wide selection of articles, guides, and resources available on our website to expand your knowledge of CBD, what it means to use CBD or other cannabinoids for health reasons, how to pick out and use CBD products, and other non-medical questions you may have about this amazing cannabinoid. As always, please feel free to reach out to our team with any questions you have about CBD.
We created CBD Origin with a goal to provide everyone with a credible resource for everything to know about CBD. We are proud supporters of CBD and the wonders that it promotes, and want to help the world learn about it! Please continue to visit our blog to find new and exciting articles about CBD, and always feel free to engage in our community!
To kick off your journey, here are some quick links to help you navigate throughout our CBD Origin website:
Tools and Resouces
Thanks for reading and we hope to see you around in our community! If you have any questions or comments, please engage in the comments section below 🙂
CBD Oil: Separating Fact from Fiction
Q: What does the research data say about CBD oil and its effectiveness in treating health issues?
A: Research is still in its infancy, but there’s evidence to support the use of CBD for two rare seizure disorders:
Dravet Syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome. There is promising research in other areas, but it’s safe to say the hype is out in front of the science.
In December 2015, the FDA made regulatory changes that allowed many labs to start researching the compound. Funding for CBD research exploded, and researchers are getting a little bit clearer picture of how various exogenous cannabinoids affect the body.
Promising areas of research include: social anxiety disorder, sleep disturbances, traumatic brain injury and pain management. It’s important to note a lot of the data is based on animal models and retrospective data looking at marijuana use.
One theory about why some people respond well to exogenous cannabinoids and others don’t is that some people may have what researchers are calling endocannabinoid deficiency syndrome. An easy way to think about this is to compare it to Vitamin D deficiency, but instead of having inadequate Vitamin D, your body has inadequate cannabinoid levels. Like Vitamin D receptors, cannabinoid receptors are all over the body. It’s important to realize this is only a theory, but it’s remarkably interesting.
Q: What are potential risks and benefits in taking CBD?
A. In general (and when used appropriately), properly manufactured CBD products appear to be relatively safe. The most common side effects include: nausea, drowsiness and irritability.
However, CBD does interact with many enzymes, which handle metabolizing various medications. Thus, I strongly encourage individuals who are considering a CBD product to first consult with their pharmacist before starting a CBD product.
Other potential risks include taking a CBD product that fails to have the amount of cannabinoids listed on the product label or, on an equally alarming note, taking a product that is contaminated with heavy metals, pesticides, solvents, etc.
Q: How is CBD oil regulated?
A: The FDA is responsible for regulating CBD containing products. After the United States Senate passed the 2018 Farm Bill, CBD products were removed from the Controlled Substances Act as long as <0.3% of the finished product was from the cannabinoid known as THC – the active cannabinoid present in marijuana that is responsible for giving users a “high.”
Q: Will the use of CBD oil result in a positive drug test?
A: Testing positive is a legitimate concern with CBD oil. It ‘s possible to fail a drug test while using ANY CBD product. I’ve seen companies making guarantees that users will not fail a drug test. That is concerning.
Drug tests look for high levels of the intoxicating molecule, THC. THC-free products do exist; however, it is important to know that one always runs the risk of testing positive, even while on a THC-free product due to the following reasons:
1. The product is not actually THC-free despite label claims. For this reason, I can’t stress enough the importance of buying CBD from a reputable company who provides certificates of analysis for every product they sell.
2. The testing procedure misidentifies one of the other cannabinoids/compounds present in the product as THC. This is a ‘false positive’ test result since it incorrectly gave you a positive test result.
If you’re regularly tested, I strongly encourage you to talk with the people responsible for administering the drug test. Inform them that you are considering taking a CBD product and ask how they will handle any potential results which may show trace amounts of cannabinoids in your system.
Q: If someone decides to buy CBD oil, what should they know?
A: First, be sure not to confuse active cannabinoids with hemp oil. These are two very different things. Just because something contains hemp does not mean it contains active cannabinoids.
Second, choose a full or broad-spectrum product that has a diverse cannabinoid profile as opposed to an isolate. The former appears to provide much better results/patient outcomes.
Third, it’s the wild west out there. Many products sold online or over the counter have inaccurate product labels. In a 2016 study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), researchers discovered that out of 84 products bought online from 31 different companies, the frequency of accurate labeling for CBD tinctures and oils was only 25 and 45 percent!
This underscores the importance of buying CBD from companies who make third party test results available for each product batch as well as from an individual who has thoroughly vetted each company.
As a reminder, consult with your physician or pharmacist to ensure taking a CBD containing product will not interfere with any of your medications.
C annabidiol, or CBD for short, is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in cannabis. Cannabidiol is the second-most abundant cannabinoid in the plant after tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). It has many potential therapeutic benefits, including anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-anxiety, and seizure-suppressant properties. CBD can be sourced from both marijuana and hemp plants.
CBD is the yang to THC’s yin; it may calm anxiety and elevate your level of chill without intoxication.
Combine THC and CBD to fully enjoy the entourage effect .
What is CBD?
The phytocannabinoid cannabidiol is a non-intoxicating molecule that results from the heating, or decarboxylation , of cannabidiolic acid (CBDA). Most cannabis cultivars have lower concentrations of CBD than THC. However, following an explosive discovery in 2009 , droves of CBD-rich cultivars began cropping up across the US.
(Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps) Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
How CBD works
CBD’s actions within the brain and body are quite complicated. It’s very likely that the beneficial effects of CBD operate through diverse biological pathways, rather than by a single action. More research is needed to fully understand the mechanisms by which CBD relieves ailments such as seizures .
CBD directly interacts with several proteins in the body and central nervous system, a few of which are components of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) . CBD has an affinity for both the CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors. Our bodies have several other receptor proteins that participate in the endocannabinoid system, such as GPR3, GPR6, TRPV1, and TRPV2, for example. CBD binds to all of these, and its possible anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effects may occur through these pathways.
CBD has some other very important roles outside the ECS. For instance, CBD mildly activates one of the brain’s predominant serotonin receptors (5-HT1A) in mice, which may explain its supposed effects on depression and anxiety . It also acts at the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) in mice, which may indicate its usefulness in fighting inflammation.
CBD can affect liver function, however. Similar to grapefruit, CBD can inhibit certain drug-metabolizing enzymes in the liver , resulting in much higher levels of some prescription medications in the bloodstream. If you are taking medication, check with your physician before using CBD.
In the United States
The legality of CBD in the United States depends on whether it is derived from industrial hemp or marijuana plants. Following the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, hemp-derived CBD products containing less than 0.3% THC became legal. Marijuana-derived CBD remains illegal under federal law, but it is available in states that have legalized marijuana for medical and adult use.
The mosaic of laws that govern CBD legality across the globe varies just as much as the legislation across the United States. Most Group of 20 (G20) countries allow CBD extracted from industrial hemp, but not CBD extracted from whole-plant marijuana.
(Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps)
Is CBD a drug?
CBD fits the definition of a psychoactive substance as it can subtly alter perception and mood. However, it’s important to reiterate that unlike weed, CBD does not cause intoxication. CBD is a non-intoxicating substance, so it cannot stimulate the level of sensory and psychological effects that THC does.
How does CBD relate to THC?
The relationship between THC and CBD is complex, but in short, CBD appears to minimize some of THC’s less desirable effects, such as paranoia , heart palpitations, and impaired thinking. A combination of THC and CBD may offer enhanced therapeutic value to patients . This phenomenon of cannabis-derived molecules working more synergistically together than they do in isolation is commonly referred to as the entourage effect .
Consumers report using CBD for a huge variety of health and wellness reasons, but significantly more research is needed to determine the symptoms and ailments it can most successfully treat. Currently, there are over 60 clinical trials are examining the effectiveness of CBD for a variety of conditions.
If you’re using CBD, it’s a good idea to do some research to inform your dosage . Young children can tolerate daily doses of up to 20 milligrams per kilogram of body weight . For a 175-pound (79.4-kilogram) adult, that’s more than 1,500 milligrams. The most common side effect of large doses of CBD is sleepiness.
Research into CBD has been conducted for the following conditions.
Pain relief and anti-inflammation
According to research , when CBD is introduced to our endocannabinoid system, it prevents the body from absorbing a pain-regulating compound known as anandamide, an endogenous cannabinoid. Inhibiting the absorption of this compound shunts excess quantities into the bloodstream that in turn, may reduce pain. CBD may also target specific spinal receptors helping to suppress pain and inflammation. In both human and animal models, CBD seems to have a variety of anti-inflammatory properties.
Epilepsy and seizures
One of CBD’s chief benefits is its anticonvulsant properties. CBD has been documented as a potential antiepileptic since 1881; it was approved by the Food and Drug Administration for treating severe types of childhood epilepsy in 2018. However, its anticonvulsant mechanisms are still not fully understood. One possible explanation for CBD’s perceived neuroprotective effects is its interaction with NMDA receptors , which play a key role in the type of neuronal activity that is a hallmark of epilepsy.
In 2015, researchers from the University of Montreal conducted a comprehensive review of CBD as an intervention for addictive behaviors. They concluded that CBD might have a beneficial impact on opioid, cocaine, and psychostimulant addiction. In addition, studies suggest that CBD may also be helpful in the treatment of tobacco addiction . One reason may be CBD’s potential ability to ease the anxiety that leads people to crave drugs such as heroin .
Does CBD affect mood?
Existing evidence suggests that CBD could help treat some anxiety disorders. For instance, at doses of 400 to 600 milligrams, CBD can alleviate situational anxiety, such as public speaking . Interestingly, cannabis cultivars that are high in CBD and low in THC may be better than other cultivars for alleviating depression .
(Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps)
Single compound vs. whole plant
The Hebrew University of Israel published a study in 2015 that documented the potency of single-molecule CBD extract versus the potency of whole-plant CBD-rich extract. It found that extract taken from whole plant CBD-rich cannabis seemed to be therapeutically superior to single-molecule extract.
The scientists behind this study noticed that researchers had been utilizing pure, single-molecule CBD, which resulted in a bell-shaped dose-response curve. This curve indicates that CBD’s efficacy plummets at very high and very low doses.
Industrial hemp and whole-plant marijuana
Industrial hemp contains far less CBD by weight than CBD-rich cultivars such as Harlequin or Sour Tsunami. A single 10 milliliter dose of CBD requires the cultivation and extraction of significantly more hemp than whole-plant marijuana, thus raising the risk of exposing users to more contaminants. Hemp is classified as a bio-accumulator, or a plant that naturally absorbs toxins from the soil.
Also, CBD derived from industrial hemp lacks the incredibly diverse profile of different cannabinoids and terpenes found in whole-plant marijuana. CBD derived from hemp seems to have a weaker entourage effect.
(Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps) Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
AC/DC : A sativa-dominant phenotype of Cannatonic, this cultivar boasts one of the highest ratios of CBD to THC, clocking in at 20:1.
Harlequin : This cultivar was bred by crossing classic landraces from Nepal, Switzerland, and Thailand. Its consistent 5:2 CBD to THC ratio ranks it among CBD-rich staple cultivars.
Sour Tsunami : One of the first strains bred for its CBD content, this cultivar typically sports a 1:1 ratio of CBD to THC.
Cannabidiol is as versatile as THC, if not more so, and has worked its way into a host of products.
Flower : Combusting or vaporizing CBD weed allows users to feel the potential therapeutic effects of CBD almost immediately.
Isolate : CBD isolate is cannabidiol in its purest form: a fine white powder. This crystalline form of CBD is versatile and allows users to measure precise doses.
Concentrates : CBD can also be purchased in concentrate form, including raw CBD oil, cartridges, vape pens , syringes, and more. Concentrates bridge the gap between CBD flower and CBD isolate.
Infusions : Research and opportunity have driven chefs and chemists to infuse CBD into all sorts of readily usable products, including edibles , elixirs , sublingual sprays, and even topicals.