pest vape for cbd oil

Vapes on black market may contain toxic chemicals, pesticides, harmful flavorings

Ingredients lurking inside marijuana and nicotine black-market vapes can transform into dangerous, toxic chemicals when heated and inhaled, with the worst impacts of vaping still unknown, according to experts.

“We see in black market products, horrible pesticide contamination,” said Dr. Chris Hudalla, founder and chief science officer at Proverde Labs in Milford, which tests marijuana and hemp-based vapes along with some nicotine vapes for the legal, regulated market.

Black market marijuana vapes are being eyed as a likely culprit in the vape health crisis that has seen more than 2,600 hospitalizations nationwide and at least 60 deaths, including, locally, at least 73 suspected vape injury cases and four deaths in Massachusetts.

While it’s unclear how large the black market in vapes is, unregulated, untested products have been found across the country, apparently often taking advantage of the legalization of marijuana in states like Massachusetts and California to make sales and handling less risky. Black market vapes can be cheaper than the regulated products and easier to acquire — not requiring a trip to one of the handful of legal pot shops currently in operation, or the wait in long lines. But the risk of potentially harmful contaminants is high.

The pesticides in the black market vapes originate from the illegal weed crops used to produce them, Hudalla said.

“Some of these have hundreds of thousands of parts per billion, it’s just disgusting,” said Hudalla. He said that in black market marijuana vapes, he has found the pesticide myclobutanil, which can change to hydrogen cyanide when heated.

“Hydrogen cyanide is what they used in the gas chambers in Germany, it’s a serious, serious toxin,” said Hudalla.

In his lab, Hudalla has also found other toxins in black market vaping products such as heavy metals, which come from a device’s coils. He said flavoring, especially cinnamon, can turn toxic too.

The compound that gives cinnamon its flavor has the potential to degrade when heated and can turn into benzene, a known carcinogen found in gasoline, said Hudalla.

Cutting agents like vegetable glycerin and propylene glycol are found in nearly every nicotine vape and are used in marijuana vapes to add viscosity or to stretch the product further.

Those agents, while considered safe for consumption or cosmetic use by the FDA, have unknown impacts when inhaled and could lead to asthma or lipoid pneumonia, he said.

“You have to be concerned about inhaling the ingredients and then you have to be concerned about inhaling an ingredient that’s been degraded and now you don’t even know what it is,” said Hudalla, adding that the only ingredient in a marijuana vape should be pure cannabis extract, and possibly turpines to reduce thickness.

Dr. Hasmeena Kathuria, director of the Tobacco Treatment Center at Boston Medical Center said most nicotine vapes have six ingredients: solvent, flavor, sweetener, nicotine, metal and the scariest ingredient — the unknown.

“It is frightening,” said Kathuria. “The heating is very concerning and the chemicals that are released when heating.”

Kathuria said she’s particularly concerned about the flavoring used in vapes, “Several of the different flavorings have been reported to be toxic, especially when they’re heated.”

Kathuria said studies show vanilla bean flavor can release chemicals that damage the lungs and chocolate flavoring has a chemical that has been shown to have toxic effects.

“Sweeteners, when heated, can break down and cause cancer-causing compounds, specifically the sucralose,” Kathuria added.

All vape manufacturers have to send a list of their ingredients to the Food and Drug Administration, and the lists are kept from the public due to proprietary concerns, according to an FDA spokeswoman.

Vapes are regulated by the FDA Center for Tobacco, but not approved or authorized by the administration. The average cost of a nicotine vape with a pack of cartridges is about $50. The average cost of a pack of cigarettes in Massachusetts is $10.

Michael Kahn, president of MCR labs in Framingham, which tests marijuana vape ingredients, said the tests are conducted by performing an extraction of the oils which are injected into a high performance liquid chromatography instrument.

The material is later matched to that of harmful ingredients like vitamin E acetate, which is used to reduce thickness in vape oil and was identified by the Centers for Disease Control to be associated with vape-related lung injury and death.

“I want to caution everybody to not add what they feel will reduce the viscosity because that’s already killed people,” said Kahn.

According to the Massachusetts Department of Public Health, testing labs have not found detectable levels of harmful ingredients such as vitamin E acetate in products made by licensed marijuana establishments.

Pest vape for cbd oil

In previous posts, the benefits of CBD have been discussed. However, the medical data supporting use of CBD have centered around using CBD oil tinctures or with capsules if a CBD isolate is used. Vaping CBD oil has been touted as a more effective way to get the effect of the CBD. But there is inherent risk in vaping and all medical data with CBD vaping reports high rates of adverse effects.

To inhale CBD oil, an electronic cigarette heats up the oil to form a vapor, which is then inhaled into the lungs, also known as vaping. Many people think that this vapor is a water vapor but it actually consists of fine particles. Many of these particles contain levels of toxic chemicals that can lead to heart disease, lung disease, and cancer.

About one year ago, the Army Public Health Center published a Public Health Alert warning against vaping CBD oil. In April of last year, over 60 patients were admitted to hospitals at Fort Bragg and Camp Lejeune with symptoms ranging from headaches, agitation, nausea and vomiting, disorientation and even seizures after vaping CBD oil. ( North Carolina health officials later reported that over 30 people were seen in emergency rooms with hallucinations, altered mental status, irregular heartbeat, and loss of consciousness after vaping CBD oil ( And this is the short term effect!

There are reports that inhaled CBD is more potent. And that is probably true as we know that other inhaled substances are more potent than other forms of ingestion. Probably the best example of this is tobacco. Of course, this also serves as a warning when you examine the effects of smoking on health. It is also probably one of the reasons that there have been many ER visits and hospitalizations when CBD is vaped. There is also the risk of vaping itself. A study at Johns Hopkins showed that the coils used to heat the oil will also generate high levels of lead, chromium, nickel, and manganese. They also report that repeated inhalation of these metals leads to damage to brain, heart, liver, and lungs as well as increasing risk of some cancers. (

One more concern about inhaling CBD oil is the lack of regulation in the CBD/hemp industry. There are many reports of CBD or hemp oils containing high levels of THC (the euphoric component of marijuana) and fillers that can lead to health issues. That is the main reason that I strongly encourage everyone to be confident in the growing, harvesting, and manufacturing of any CBD product that you may use. At Mint Hill Pharmacy, we have vetted many CBD companies and require consistent data from any products that we carry to ensure that our products contain the CBD as well as terpenes that are reported, have non-detectable levels of THC, and do not contain any pesticides or herbicides. As a heatlh care professional, we are most concerned that you are using the best product for your health. Feel free to stop by the pharmacy and ask more questions!