Does CBD Affect DOT Testing Results?
CBD stands for Cannabidiol. The product comes from a family of plants called cannabis, which includes hundreds of natural substances, including terpenes, flavonoids, and cannabinoids.
Does CBD Affect DOT Testing Results?
Drug tests, including DOT drug testing, look for THC or THC-COOH, which is a metabolite of THC. The federal government sets the parameters of drug tests at a level that won’t pick up trace amounts of these substances. Therefore, a negative drug screen result means you have less than the cut-off level of THC or THC-COOH in your system. Each type of test has its own acceptable and failure levels.
Pure CBD should not show up on a drug test. However, CBD products sometimes contain small amounts of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the active ingredient in marijuana that gives you the “high” when you smoke or vape. If it’s present in sufficient amounts, THC will appear on a drug test, so in that manner, CBD use could cause a positive result. That means that the quality of your CBD products is critical.
Why Do Some CBD Products Contain THC?
The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not regulate CBD products. Even in states where CBD is legal, you may have a hard time figuring out just what is in the items you buy. The purity of CBD varies by type of plant, source location, and harvest method, and it can get contaminated at any phase of production. To complicate the question, manufacturers don’t always tell you where their extracts come from, so calculating the THC is difficult or impossible. Here are a few other reasons CBD products might contain THC:
- Cross-contamination during manufacturing, transportation, or storage
- Lack of third-party testing to confirm the composition
Are Some Types of CBD More Likely to Contain THC?
Marijuana and hemp both come from the cannabis family, but they differ in the level of THC they contain. Hemp products, by legal definition, contain less than 0.3% THC. Therefore, CBD products derived from hemp are less likely to contain THC than those derived from marijuana. When purchasing CBD products, consider the types of extracts:
- Full-spectrum CBD products like oils and edibles contain everything that naturally occurs in the source plant, such as terpenes, flavonoids, THC, and other flavonoids. Full-spectrum CBD products usually come from marijuana subclasses. Full-spectrum CBD oil that comes from marijuana may contain amounts of THC. Full-spectrum CBD oil derived from hemp must adhere to the laws requiring less than 0.3% THC.
- Broad-spectrum CBD products contain the compounds from the source plant, but the THC is removed, making it less likely to cause a failed drug screen than a full-spectrum derivative.
- CBD isolate is the purest form of CBD and contains no other compounds from the source plant. It usually comes from the hemp plant and should not contain THC. You may find this kind of CBD sold as a crystal powder, an edible slab, an oil, or a tincture.
How Do I Choose CBD Products That Don’t Contain THC?
If you are concerned about drug screening, here are some steps you can take that may help you avoid THC:
- Read the product information available on your CBD products. Look for those made from hemp, and then look for those made with pure CBD isolate. Avoid products that don’t offer clear or complete product information.
- Choose products that list the amount of CBD present in each dose, and start with a small amount.
- Research the sources from which the CBD products come from. Hemp standards vary by state. Locations where the hemp industry has existed for many years with strict testing rules, such as Oregon and Colorado, are more reliable than others. You may be able to get this information from the seller if it’s not on the packaging.
ARCPoint Labs of Omaha
If you need more information on CBD and DOT drug testing, contact us at ARCPoint Labs of Omaha. We’ll be glad to answer all your questions, and our friendly and professional team has the knowledge you’re seeking.
Does CBD Oil Show Up on a Drug Test?
Lauded as a health elixir for its potential to relieve everything from anxiety to inflammation, cannabidiol (or CBD) is growing rapidly in popularity—but will it show up on a drug test? The short answer: it depends. Unlike the other famous compound in cannabis, THC, CBD will not make a user feel “high.” It lacks the psychotropic effects of THC, but that doesn’t necessarily make it undetectable. If you’re an avid CBD user with an upcoming pre-employment drug test, here’s what you need to know to prepare.
What You Need to Know About Drug Tests and CBD
According to TONIC, it’s “unlikely” that CBD will show up on a drug test, not because it’s undetectable, but because most drug tests aren’t looking for CBD. The average drug test is looking for the presence of THC or THC metabolites.
CBD is chemically distinct from THC, so it is doubtful that pure CBD would be detected in these types of drug tests. A company would have to obtain a separate test designed specifically to pick up CBD, and most companies aren’t willing to shell out more money if they don’t have to.
Different CBD Products Mean Different Test Results
Keep in mind that not all CBD products consist of pure CBD. If your CBD product is hemp-based, it may contain trace amounts of THC. Products deemed “whole plant” or “full spectrum” benefit users by containing more than CBD, including terpenes, flavonoids and other cannabinoids, which are believed to work synergistically with CBD. While its health advantages are high, these types of products may lead to a positive drug test. Generally, if your CBD oil has less than 0.3 percent THC in it, it shouldn’t show up on a hair test, although it may appear in a urine or saliva test.
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How Long Does CBD Stay in Your System?
There is not much reliable data to confirm how long CBD stays in a user’s system, though a 2014 publication in the scientific journal Epilepsy Currents reported “one to two days” for a single oral dose. If you’re taking full-spectrum oil, it’s probably best to look into how long THC stays in your system, which is usually detectable in body fluids for one to 30 days after last use.
Isn’t CBD Legal?
There’s an ongoing national debate about the federal legality of CBD. Unless it is extracted from hemp cultivated under the 2014 Farm Bill, the DEA maintains that CBD is illegal. While it won’t stop the compound from continuing to be widely available anytime soon, this grey area causes some confusion in courts, especially in states where cannabis is available for medical or recreational purposes. Legal or not, many companies call the shots on whether or not drug testing is necessary. Luckily, there seems to be a shift in dropping marijuana from testing protocol all the way to the White House. Labor Secretary Alexander Acosta said in 2018, “We have all these Americans that are looking to work,” Acosta said. “Are we aligning our … drug testing policies with what’s right for the workforce?” As CBD rises in popularity, it seems the national conversation is evolving at an equally rapid rate.
Erica Garza is an author and essayist. Her work has appeared in Time, Health, Glamour, Good Housekeeping, Women’s Health, The Telegraph and Vice. She lives in Los Angeles.