What Is CBD? Here’s What Marylanders Need To Know
BALTIMORE (WJZ) — CBD or cannabidiol can be found all around Maryland. Sometimes it’s infused candy, oil, bath salts or in products marketed as dietary supplements.
In fact, there are nearly 100 dispensaries up and running across Maryland that distribute and sell medical marijuana and CBD products.
There are also companies that sell CBD oil, CBD-infused gummies or foods, and other health-based products, often used to quell anxiety or help someone sleep.
CBD products come in a variety of forms.
CBD, or cannabidiol, is a nonintoxicating cannabinoid found in cannabis and hemp that is sometimes used medicinally. It’s also often infused into certain food products or oils.
The products sold in these stores are wholesome hemp properties THC-free products sourced from hemp. Purchasing CBD products is federally legal as long as it doesn’t contain more than 0.3 percent of THC, according to the Food & Drug Administration.
The FDA, however, does warn the public they believe some of these products make “questionable health promises about CBD” and there are no other FDA-approved drug products that contain CBD.
Unlike marijuana-based products, hemp-derived CBD oil within the FDA’s requirements is fully legal in Maryland.
Under the 2018 Farm Bill, industrial hemp and hemp-derived cannabis extracts are allowed in all 50 states unless the in-state laws say otherwise.
What’s The Difference?
CBD oils or products that have less than 0.3 percent of THC are commonly used to help people with anxiety and various health issues.
So, when the FDA says that CBD products aren’t considered legal, they are referring to CBD derived from marijuana. It is still illegal to market that type of CBD by adding it to food or labeling it as a dietary supplement, according to the FDA.
There is only one federally legal product in the U.S. derived from marijuana, a prescription drug product to treat two rare, severe forms of epilepsy, according to the FDA.
Where Can I Try It Out Legally?
Buying CBD oil online is easier than it has been in years past, but there are also local shops with CBD-infused products and medical marijuana products if you have a prescription.
Some popular local shops, according to Yelp, include CBD Supply MD in Towson; Innerzen, a vitamins and supplements shop in Hampden; Embrace CBD Wellness Center in Glen Burnie and SoBotanical in Federal Hill, to name the top few.
Essential oil companies have gotten in on the CBD mania, including Young Living, a popular wellness company partnered with Nature’s Ultra.
They’ll offer uses including quelling your anxiety, helping people sleep easier and even to help your body when working out, often mixing in other scents to make them more appealing to users. Some of these products are even often used on people’s pets to help them as well.
Companies like these market the CBD-infused oils as health-based, though the FDA believes these types of products are marketed with unproven medical claims.
The FDA does say CBD has the potential to harm those who use it, adding that while they have not approved any other CBD products other than the one that treats epilepsy- there is very limited available information about CBD, including its effects on the body.
The risks of certain effects the FDA does warn about include liver injury, increased adverse effects or decreased effects of other medications if they interact, changes in testicular size, inhibition of sperm growth and development, as well as decreased circulating testosterone.
They said they are still actively working to learn more about what happens when people access CBD through foods, CBD-infused skin creams and other products regularly. They also are still working to determine how it affects animals, the elderly, children, adolescents, as well as pregnant and lactating women.
Is CBD Legal In Maryland?
As one of the leading CBD companies in the Baltimore area, CBD Supply Maryland is often asked whether CBD products are legal in Maryland. In addition to whether they are legal in Maryland, we are also asked whether you need a medical card to purchase CBD products. Let’s dive into this topic a bit so you fully know your rights when it comes to CBD.
WHAT IS CBD?
When we refer to CBD, we are describing Cannabidiol, otherwise known as CBD, which is one the active ingredients in the medical hemp plant. Further, when we are discussing CBD, we are referring to hemp-rich products that contain only 0.3 percent THC or less.
CBD LAWS IN MARYLAND
Many often confuse marijuana for hemp and think the two plants are regulated the same way. For a good description of the difference between hemp and marijuana you may want to check out our What is Hemp blog post. Essentially, though, the primary difference between hemp and marijuana is that marijuana is high in THC which is the component of the plant that gives you the “high” sensation. While hemp is extremely low in THC, meaning you can’t get “high” from the plant, it is very high in CBD. There are many studies which have shown CBD to have anti-pain, anti-inflammation, and anti-anxiety properties among others.
Hemp-derived CBD is fully legal in Maryland. The use of CBD in any of its forms like oils in Maryland falls under the 2018 Farm Bill which is a federal piece of legislation that fully legalized hemp-rich CBD products. The state of Maryland has passed no additional laws to regulate the usage of CBD. This means that you can buy CBD products over the counter with no additional restrictions like needing a medical card. CBD is treated no different than other products that are wellness supplements in Maryland meaning you can walk into a local brick and mortar location and purchase any CBD product you would like.
WHAT KIND OF CBD PRODUCTS ARE LEGALLY AVAILABLE IN MARYLAND?
If you live in Maryland or are visiting, you can utilize CBD products in many different forms. One of the most popular ways to use CBD is in the oil form in a tincture. CBD can also be used as a topical agent in creams, balms, salves, lotions or rubs. It is also possible to smoke CBD in hemp flower or to vaporize CBD. You may also find CBD in edibles such as CBD gummies or in candies or gum. CBD can also be found in pet products for dogs and cats. Finally, CBD is also available in bath and beauty products such as soaps, bath bombs, shampoo, conditioner, and skin care products. The good news is that all these types of products are legally available in Maryland.
WHAT DO PEOPLE USE LEGAL CBD FOR IN MARYLAND?
The World Health Organization’s Expert Committee on Drug Dependence released a study in 2017 indicating the benefits of CBD in the following medical conditions:
The report said that CBD shows no potential to be abused or cause dependence among users.
WHERE CAN I GET LEGAL CBD IN MARYLAND?
CBD is readily available to purchase in Maryland. There are many brick and mortar locations that sell CBD in both the Baltimore and Washington, D.C. regions of the state and other shops on the Eastern Shore or in western Maryland. In addition to purchasing from a stand-alone business, it is legal to purchase CBD products online in Maryland and have them shipped directly to your door.
DO YOU NEED TO GET A PRESCRIPTION TO MAKE CBD LEGAL IN MARYLAND?
No, it’s not possible to get a prescription for CBD in Maryland, nor do you need one. It is sold completely over the counter so there is no need to receive any sort of prescription or to have a medical card to purchase CBD in Maryland.
LEGAL CBD’S FUTURE
While CBD is readily available to purchase in Maryland, there are still some issues left to be determined by the state. The main issues involving CBD at the state level in Maryland revolve around the ability of farmers and producers to grow and manufacturer CBD products in Maryland. Currently, Maryland is still streamlining the process to register to grow hemp. Once this process is faster and easier for farmers to more readily cultivate hemp in Maryland, the local supply will increase providing more opportunities for producers and farmers alike in the state. However, even with this limitation, Maryland is still a state that is welcoming to those that want to utilize CBD products.