Copaiba vs. CBD: Which Is Best for What?
Copaiba and CBD are both natural remedies that are currently in high demand. The two products have become increasingly well-known over the past few years. Perhaps this is no coincidence, as CBD and copaiba have a lot more in common than just their popularity.
In this article, we explain the similarities and differences between CBD and copaiba. We will also look at which is best for what, and how to use them effectively. Read on for our complete guide.
Copaiba: What Is It?
Copaiba comes from trees in the Copaifera species. There are approximately 70 different types of Copaifera tree, and many are native to the Amazon rainforest.
These trees produce a resin that is rich in aromatic compounds called terpenes. These chemicals give the resin its distinctive smell and also have a variety of potential health benefits.
Copaiba has featured heavily in Central and South American folk medicine for centuries. However, it has only recently gained popularity across the globe.
In many ways, it is possible to compare it to CBD, another traditional, plant-based remedy that has suddenly shot to fame.
Explaining What CBD (Cannabidiol) Is
CBD (cannabidiol) is a phytocannabinoid. It is one of the many active compounds that cannabis plants (including hemp) produce.
For years, scientists overlooked it in favor of its intoxicating cousin, THC. However, over the past few decades, research into CBD and its benefits has increased, leading to some exciting discoveries.
Now CBD has emerged from relative obscurity to become a household name. Manufacturers are suddenly infusing it into everything, from coffee to shampoo. However, the classic way of using CBD is as an oil tincture.
CBD oils are generally available as either isolate, broad-spectrum, or full-spectrum options. The former is the purest type of CBD, while the latter two include a range of other beneficial compounds.
Like copaiba, broad and full-spectrum CBD oils contain a wealth of terpenes. They are also rich in other phytochemicals like cannabinoids and flavonoids. This feature means that CBD has a wide variety of medicinal uses and has accelerated its rise to fame.
Let’s take a more detailed look at the way CBD works and how copaiba compares.
CBD vs. Copaiba: Similarities and Differences Explained
Aside from both being popular natural remedies, copaiba and CBD have another crucial thing in common. Both of them affect our in-built endocannabinoid system (ECS).
The ECS has a regulatory function throughout the body. It helps to control mood, memory, appetite, digestion, immunity, and more. It does this via a series of cell receptors (CB1 and CB2) and chemicals called endocannabinoids.
When endocannabinoids bind with CB1 and CB2 receptors, they trigger a series of physiological reactions. These reactions help to keep the body in a state of constant balance, known as homeostasis
As their name suggests, phytocannabinoids like CBD and THC can also influence the ECS. But while THC binds directly with CB1 and CB2 receptors, CBD works more subtly.
Scientists believe that CBD increases our levels of naturally occurring endocannabinoids. This means that it works gently with the body and does not cause an intoxicating high. It also means that it is incredibly versatile with a wide range of therapeutic applications.
Copaiba also affects the ECS, a rarity for a substance that does not come from cannabis. It does so because it contains very high concentrations of a terpene called beta-caryophyllene.
Beta-caryophyllene can bind with CB2 receptors to induce a range of different responses in the ECS. For this reason, some people call it a dietary cannabinoid. As well as copaiba, this terpene is abundant in black pepper, cinnamon, and oregano.
So, although CBD and copaiba are two very different substances, they affect the body similarly. But how do their benefits compare?
Benefits of Copaiba and CBD Oil
Both CBD and copaiba have numerous potential benefits for human health. The two substances share some of their therapeutic properties, while others are unique to one or the other.
For example, many people use CBD oil to help relieve symptoms like anxiety or sleep problems. It may also be helpful for people suffering from addictions or psychosis. However, these benefits are not generally associated with copaiba.
On the other hand, copaiba has some traditional uses that are not associated with CBD. They include relieving paralysis, sexually transmitted infections, bronchitis, and coughs.
Although there is little research to back these historical applications, there have been several studies into the other effects of copaiba. The results show that it has a lot in common with CBD.
Some of the benefits that CBD and copaiba share include:
- Anti-inflammatory effects
- Neuroprotective effects
- Antimicrobial effects
Let’s look at each of these in more detail.
Among the most well-studied aspects of both copaiba and CBD are their anti-inflammatory properties.
One of copaiba’s most common traditional uses is to aid wound and scar healing. It appears to influence these processes by inhibiting the inflammatory response that CB2 receptors control.
Research, including this 2014 study for Molecules, has shown that copaiba suppresses the release of inflammatory molecules called cytokines. This has led scientists to speculate that it could also benefit inflammatory, autoimmune disorders like multiple sclerosis (MS).
Furthermore, a 2018 study for Endocrine, Metabolic, and Immune Disorders Drug Targets investigated its effects on a rat model of colitis. It found that the compound had antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, but did not prevent tissue damage.
CBD is also famous for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. By targeting the ECS, it modulates the immune response. It also binds with several receptors outside the ECS, further enhancing its effects. Like copaiba, CBD could have benefits for diseases like MS, especially in combination with THC.
A 2017 study for Expert Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology found that it could also help inflammatory bowel conditions like colitis. It appears that CBD could support the maintenance of a healthy intestinal barrier as well as reducing bowel inflammation.
Both copaiba and CBD also have the ability to protect nerve cells against damage.
A 2012 study for Evidence Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine looked at the effect of copaiba on rats with chemically-induced brain injury. It found that the rats that underwent treatment with copaiba displayed less tissue damage than control animals.
A 2018 review for Surgical Neurology International found CBD to have similar effects. It appears to offer protection against brain damage via several distinct mechanisms. They include reducing inflammation and improving circulation. It also increases the brain’s levels of adenosine, a chemical with neuroprotective effects.
Another use of both CBD and copaiba is preventing the growth of harmful microbes like bacteria. The traditional applications of copaiba also include antiparasitic effects against infections like leishmaniasis.
A 2016 study for the International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding found copaiba effective against Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. It even inhibited bacterial growth at low concentrations. Another 2016 study for the Open Dentistry Journal found that copaiba was also effective against Streptococcus bacteria.
A 2019 paper for Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology found CBD had similar properties. It improved the efficacy of several antibiotics against gram-negative bacteria. Full-spectrum CBD oils may have additional benefits as many different terpenes also display antimicrobial activity.
How to Use Copaiba and CBD
Anyone wishing to maximize the benefits of copaiba and CBD will need to use them correctly:
Common Ways to Use Copaiba
The most common method of using copaiba is as an essential oil. It is possible to diffuse the oil in one’s home and enjoy its sweet and woody aroma. Individuals can also apply it to the skin, although it is necessary to dilute it with a carrier oil first.
Try adding 3–5 drops of copaiba to 1 oz of almond, grapeseed, or olive oil and massaging into inflamed areas. Test the mixture on a small patch of skin first and discontinue if irritation occurs.
Copaiba is only suitable for external use. Ingesting large amounts can lead to nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and liver damage. Furthermore, pregnant women, children, and those with medical conditions should consult a doctor first.
Popular Ways to Use CBD
There are countless ways to use CBD, and the most suitable one depends on the desired effects.
For instance, people suffering from symptoms like anxiety might prefer to take CBD orally. As well as coming as an oil, CBD edibles like gummies are a popular choice. Some consumers also enjoy vaping CBD or even smoking CBD-rich cannabis strains.
Alternatively, people suffering from pain or more localized conditions might prefer to use topical CBD. These products act directly on the ECS in cells underneath the skin’s surface, providing targeted relief. They include creams, lotions, roll-ons, sprays, and more.
Most people consider CBD safe to use, and the risk of side effects is minimal. Nevertheless, it is advisable to talk to a physician before trying it for the first time.
Is It Safe to Use Copaiba and CBD Together?
There is little research specifically into using CBD and copaiba together. Anecdotal sources suggest that it is safe, and may even be beneficial.
It is possible that the remedies could enhance one another’s effects. We know that the many compounds in cannabis work together synergistically, a phenomenon called the entourage effect. Maybe copaiba and CBD could act similarly.
Unfortunately, without scientific evidence to back these theories, there is no proof using CBD and copaiba together is either helpful or harmful. Therefore, it may be best to choose one or the other, initially.
Copaiba vs. CBD: Final Thoughts
Nowadays, people are turning to natural remedies like CBD and copaiba for several reasons. They might be seeking safer alternatives to prescription medicines or trying to complement their existing treatment regime.
There is clinical evidence to support the use of copaiba and CBD in certain situations. However, there is also room for plenty more research to be done. Until we fully understand their effects, treat CBD and copaiba like any other medicine, and seek professional guidance before use.
Copaiaba Oil vs CBD: Everything You Need to Know
Curious about copaiba oil? This essential oil has gained rapid popularity due to its various benefits. But, what exactly can it be used for? What health benefits does it provide? And does it actually have cannabinoids like CBD in it? Let’s answer all these questions for you.
What is Copaiba Oil?
Copaiba oil is the essential oil harvested from copaiba trees. Now, if we’re getting really technical, copaiba is technically the “stimulant oleoresin” produced by trees in the genus Copeifera , of which there are approximately 70 species of Copaiba tree. Most commonly, these plants are grown in Brazil or other countries in central or south america. The essential oils are most often steam distilled, collecting the aromatic compounds directly from the resin of the tree.
To help understand what copaiba is a little better, an oleoresin is simply tree resin (think sap) that also has a high percentage of essential oil. And, the reason it’s defined as a stimulant is because the compounds contained within the resins and essential oils produce a stimulating effect on the human brain (meaning they’re great to diffuse in the morning!).
In general, copaiba (pronounced [koh-pey-buh] by the way, not [koh-pie-ee-ba] like I’ve been saying it) can be used to refer to the resin, essential oils and the Copeifera tree, for simplicity’s sake. Copaiba oil has a ton of uses and benefits, but also a few side effects to be aware of.
What’s In Copaiba Essential Oil?
There are many different organic compounds within copaiba oil that provide its medicinal and therapeutic effects. Primarily, these compounds are sesquiterpenes (terpenes with three isoprene units, for those curious) including beta-caryophyllene as a majority component, but also beta-bergamotene, alpha-copaene and beta-bisabolene.
The majority component of copaiba essential oil is beta-caryophyllene, a terpene that is common in some other well known plants, most notably black pepper, rosemary, hops and cannabis. It gives black pepper its peppery aroma, but can also provide anti-inflammatory and pain relieving effects as well.
As you can maybe guess from the name, bergamotene, in addition to copaiba, is found in the bergamot citrus fruit, but also in carrot, lime, lemon and kumquat. It possess strong anti-inflammatory characteristics.
We still don’t know too much about alpha-copaene still, but what we do know at this point is that it’s a powerful plant terpene. Aside from copaiba, it’s also found in many other plants and essential oils such as black pepper and basil. Its been shown to increase antioxidant capacity in our white blood cells as well as anti-microbial properties.
A terpene found in oregano and lemons, bisabolene is another component of copaiba oil that has strong anti-inflammatory traits, in addition to anti-cancer properties.
These are just four of the terpenes found within copaiba oil, but the essential oil can contain smaller percentages of hundreds of valuable terpenes and other therapeutic compounds.
Copaiba Essential Oil Benefits
Due to the powerful terpenes on other compounds found in copaiba essential oil, there are many benefits to using this oil. Most notably, the compounds derived from the resin provide anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial and pain relieving properties, providing many benefits of copaiba oil.
Inflammation is the new silent killer. When our immune system responds to a threat, it causes inflammation, but when our immune system mistakenly inflames or if our bodies are under constant stress, inflammation can cause a host of issues.
Copaiba oil has been well documented in reducing inflammation in a few different studies, including the reduction of oxygen free radicals and inflammatory compounds. It also shows promise in the treatment of colitis and other inflammatory bowel disease.
There’s still research required into specifically how copaiba can reduce microbial activity, but two fairly recent studies showed a reduction in Staphyloccocus and Streptococcus infections. Even in low concentrations, the oil was effective at reducing microbial activity. Now, this does NOT mean you should just go ahead and start drinking copaiba oil (big no-no) but rather responsibly diluting your oils for topical use or ingesting. You can ingest some copaiba oils but you need to dilute them with a carrier and will want to consult a doctor first as well. More on how to use essential oils safely here.
Lastly, copaiba oil is an effective pain relieving essential oil. A recent study actually measured the effectiveness of copaiba in treating pain specifically in people suffering from arthritis. Being as though beta-caryophyllene is the main component of copaiba essential oil, it’s well documented that it possesses pain relieving properties, copaiba is an effective pain relieving oil.
It’s not just pain and inflamation that copaiba can help you with, but it’s also been shown to reduce anxiety. Specifically, it’s the magic ingredient of beta-caryophyllene again that has
Copaiba vs CBD
Many people have been wondering if copaiba is a cannabinoid, like CBD. While copaiba itself isn’t a cannabinoid, it does contain some cannabinoid-like terpenes such as beta-caryophyllene. Copaiba does not inherently contain CBD.
Let’s get a little background on CBD and cannabinoids. CBD, or cannabinol, is the non-psychoactive cannabinoid for cannabis (meaning it doesn’t get you high) with strong inflammation reducing and pain reliving characteristics. CBD and other cannabinoids act on the Endocannabinoid System of our bodies (ECS). We discovered the ECS after cannabis and its constituent cannabinoids which is why it’s named that way.
There are two types of receptors in the ECS that can be acted on by cannabinoids: CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors are in the brain and nervous system, while CB2 receptors are located throughout the body. CBD only acts primarily on CB2 receptors, allowing it to provide anti-inflammation and anesthetic properties but without getting you high. So, by definition, a cannabinoid is a chemical that acts on the Endocannabinoid System, or more specifically, CB1 and CB2 receptors.
So, getting back to our question, is Copaiba a cannabinoid? Well, no, because copaiba is the resin and essential oil of a plant with many different compounds inside of it. However, we already discussed that the terpene beta-caryophyllene is the major component of copaiba. And the way that caryophyllene provides its benefits? It acts on CB2 receptors of the ECS.
So, if we return to our definition of a cannabinoid as something that acts on the Endocannabinoid system, then Beta-aryophyllene fits the bill as a cannabinoid. These definitions are still shaky, as some are calling caryophyllene a cannabinoid, while others prefer to classify it as a terpene still.
All that being said, beta-caryophyllene is a powerful inflammation, pain and anxiety reducing compound that could rival the various benefits of CBD oil!
How to Use Cobaiba Oil
There are many different copaiba oil uses thanks to its many benefits we’ve covered above. Typically, copaiba is either diffused, ingested or topically applied.
Diffusing copaiba oil is a great way to get all the benefits of its therapeutic compounds, especially the anxiety reducing effects. Copaiba is great to diffuse on its own, or blended in with other woody or citrus oils such as cedarwood, patchouli or bergamot. This is a great way to soothe and calm your body and mind.
Some EO companies do produce a safe to ingest copaiba oil, such as Doterra’s copaiba. They suggest adding one or two drops to water, juice or tea, to help support the cardiovascular, immune, respiratory and digestive systems. Of course you always want to be careful when ingesting essential oils and consult a doctor.
Many folks find relief from pain and inflammation using copaiba topically, direct on their skin. You always want to dilute essential oils before use on the skin using a carrier oil, so make sure you do that. Also test a small amount to make sure you don’t have a reaction before using it, and never use on sensitive areas or open wounds. That being said, copaiba is a great oil for reliving pain from injury and disease such as arthritis.
Where to Buy Copaiba Oil
Most essential oil companies produce copaiba oil, including the larger companies like Young Living or DoTerra. You may also find copaiba in some blends that smaller companies produce. Regardless of where you get your essential oils you want to make sure you buy from a trusted brand that ensures the quality, purity and overall safety of the product.
Our favourite essential oil company right now is Revive! They publically publish their third party tested GC/MS reports to verify the purity of their products.