You Should Be Wary Of Sites Selling CBD Oil For Dogs. Here’s Why.
CBD, aka Cannabidiol, is a cannabinoid compound found in hemp.
Most people have heard of hemp but do not realise that hemp is cannabis!
The official name of hemp is Cannabis Sativa and it’s an amazing plant.
We can make clothes and rope from it. In hempcrete we can use it as an environmentally friendly form of concrete, and it is used in the car industry to make inner panels for car doors.
It provides us with highly nutritious oil we can drink or add to cooking and delicious, protein-packed seeds, makes finer paper than that made from wood pulp, absorbs more CO2 faster than trees with a new crop being planted every 12 weeks, and cleans our soil and air of pollution!
It truly is an astounding plant that humanity should be harnessing for the good of us all.
Of course, at the moment and for a long time to come all the talk is of CBD and the other cannabinoids in hemp, such as CBG, which have interesting and very positive effects on our body.
CBD influences our endocannabinoid system (ECS) which is important for homeostasis, which is the mechanism used by our body to maintain healthy function no matter what we are doing or what our external environment is demanding from us.
An example of this is that it would make us sweat to keep us cool when it is hot, or it can increase our blood pressure when we stand up from sitting so that blood will still get to our brain. The ECS balances our healthy functions and CBD appears to encourage this balancing process to work effectively.
Is It Safe To Give CBD Oil To Dogs?
First things first, we need to be clear about the law, at least in the UK, regarding cannabidiol (CBD) and dogs.
Currently, only a qualified veterinarian can prescribe CBD for use in any animal, meaning it is not legal to purchase and/or administer any human-grade CBD product without their supervision.
All CBD One products are designed solely for human consumption and may therefore differ from those prescribed by your vet.
There is very little research around the use of cannabis and dogs and much of it that does exist focuses on the potential toxic effects of using “full cannabis” with dogs.
By “full cannabis” I mean the type that contains THC in levels that make it psychoactive. In other words, the kind of cannabis that gets humans high.
There is some concern that this form of cannabis may be harmful to dogs and there were two incidences of dogs eating baked goods containing cannabis and butter that caused two deaths in dogs in Colorado.
It was also reported that as cannabis use grew in Colorado so did a similar pattern of reports of dogs having eaten cannabis and had toxic effects.
For this reason I would not advise anyone to give their dog full cannabis extracts that contain high levels of THC.
Unfortunately information is lacking, but is becoming more readily available as more research is done.
We do know that dogs appear to have more ECS receptors in their brain and nervous system than humans do. Are their implications for this? Probably but we do need more research to gain a greater understanding of what this might mean.
The receptors in the ECS are called CB1 and CB2 and they are present in various places in dogs, much as they are in humans.
These receptors are influenced by, and interact with, CBD and the other cannabinoids like CBG that we ingest when we use a full spectrum plant extract.
CB1 receptors are found in dogs in their digestive system, their lungs, muscles, reproductive system, vascular system and brain.
CB2 receptors are found in a dog’s skin, spleen (which is important for the immune system to function effectively), lungs, bones and even in glial cells.
Glial cells are in the nervous system and are very important in the effective function of homeostasis.
We also find CB1 and CB2 receptors together in bone marrow, the liver, pancreas, gall bladder and brain stem.
Given that there is such a widespread occurrence of these receptors throughout both a dog’s and human’s body what can we gather from this?
Firstly this can be where people think CBD products are too good to be true, because they appear to help so many people for all manner of problems.
I’m pleased to say that it is not too good to be true, but that is only the case if you buy a high-quality product.
Secondly, it certainly points to the simple fact that using CBD may have a healthy effect on many areas of both our and our dog’s wellbeing.
We also know that CBD does not appear to have the toxic effects that may occur when using THC, but I have seen evidence that suggests animals can be very sensitive to CBD meaning any recommended CBD dosage is likely to be lower than advised for humans.
Because there is so little research we cannot be certain what is happening and whilst the anecdotal evidence from people who have used CBD to help their dogs appears to be very positive and exciting, we clearly have a lot to learn.
Because dogs have so many receptors they are likely to be very sensitive to cannabinoids so your vet will consider this when deciding how to proceed.
Any treatment will need to be monitored and discussed with your vet, though do be aware that, much like many GPs, unless they have a particular interest in cannabis and CBD it is unlikely they have much knowledge because their training has never really touched upon cannabis or the ECS.
In fact, you may well be better informed than them!
That being said, I have heard of some vets being very positive and actively explored going down the CBD route.
Is It Legal To Use CBD Oil For Dogs?
The Veterinary Medicines Directorate (VMD) considers CBD to be a medicine.
They do this because it fulfils the following criteria in the Veterinary Medicines Regulations:
“any substance or combination of substances that may be used in, or administered to, animals with a view either to restoring, correcting or modifying physiological functions by exerting a pharmacological, immunological or metabolic action, or to making a medical diagnosis.”
I find this interesting because the above definition could be applied to eating food.
Eating the right or wrong balance of foods most definitely modifies our physiological function and this can be applied to animals too.
Therefore, food is your medicine and be sure you are giving both you and your dog good medicine.
Sadly most people feed their dogs the equivalent of a pot noodle all the time. Highly processed dried foods that come labelled with nonsense such as ‘scientific’ to make them appear better than they actually are, or tins of trashy mush that haven’t seen a real piece of meat or wholefood in a long process of removing all the goodness but adding in profit.
Please give your dog real food, not processed rubbish.
For humans, CBD is currently classed as a food supplement in the UK, which seems reasonable because hemp/cannabis has been consumed by humans as a food for millennia.
As usual in the world of cannabis, we have to deal with the consequences of the outdated but ever-present stigma and misunderstandings that are so often seen. The definition by the VMD, while understandable for something they’re still learning about, does restrict people from giving a relatively harmless natural option a try.
The vets want you to buy their pharmaceutical drugs with their potential side effects and, more often than not, suppressant actions on a body’s normal attempts to create a healthy response to a problem.
A simple example of this is the use of anti-inflammatory medication when your dog has an injury with no acknowledgement that inflammation is an acute healing response designed to fix the injury.
I do not wish to do a disservice to the many caring vets out there who have a genuine interest in natural healing and health in general but I’m afraid that the current law and definition of CBD does not help any potential future treatments involving it.
By classifying CBD for animals as a medicine it means there is an extremely expensive process required to get a medical license and currently there are no such licensed CBD products in the UK.
And any CBD product you come across that is labelled for pets or for animals is actually breaking the law at the moment.
Vets are allowed to prescribe legal ‘human’ CBD as part of their protocols but they consider administering unauthorised CBD to be an offence under the Veterinary Medicines Regulations.
What that means in practice is that you can speak with your vet and they may be interested in trying CBD with your dog. Theoretically, if you do not have your vets permission you could be prosecuted for giving your dog CBD.
I have yet to hear of this actually happening but it is possible so please do your best to get your vet working with you.
Above all else, if your dog is suffering from any type of health issue, I would strongly recommend ensuring you are well educated on the effect its diet and other natural supplements can have. Of course, always talk to your vet if your dog is already taking some form of prescribed medication.
Why Give CBD Oil To Dogs?
Many humans use CBD because they are interested in its fantastic properties, so it’s not hard to see why there is so much interest in cannabinoids and animals.
Anecdotally there are lots of reports of dogs who have been prescribed CBD and suddenly becoming more like ‘their old selves’.
I’ve even heard it reported that an old dog came back into season after being given CBD for a couple of months!
There are also research papers about CBD’s potential for treating more serious issues, but this is data from early tests conducted in labs rather than in real people or dogs so much more work has to be done in this area before conclusions can be drawn.
Importantly, for most dogs most of the time CBD has a good safety profile so is a low-risk option that a vet may decide is worth trying in a variety of circumstances.
We know that a dog has more receptors for cannabinoids than humans so they may respond even better than humans do when taking CBD.
What Dose Of CBD Do Vets Prescribe For Dogs?
Clearly, any dose of CBD prescribed for a dog will depend on a number of factors; including the breed, weight and condition it is being used for.
Looking at protocols currently used, this can range from anything from 0.1 to 2mg of CBD per kilo of bodyweight, for example, a 10kg dog would be prescribed anything from 1mg to 20mg per day.
It may be that your vet decides to start on the lower end of this scale and adjust as necessary through monitoring over time.
With humans, I generally suggest people start with a lower to middle strength dose because if you start too low and nothing happens there is a temptation to think that CBD does not work for you, when it may simply be that you need to take a little more to start with.
This also has the added benefit of giving you three directions to go in when you see changes – stay on the same dose, increase it or lower it.
However, this reinforces why your vet will likely want to monitor your dog as they cannot tell us how they’re feeling to be able to make any changes required.
One of the reasons we clearly state the CBD content in milligrams on all our products is that for many other examples out there, it is virtually impossible to work out how much you’re actually getting. That’s before we get into the issue of the many poor quality products seen which sometimes do not even contain CBD at all.
Does CBD Interact With My Dog’s Medication?
The short answer is yes – CBD may well interact with your dog’s medication and your vet will need to consider this.
Information is difficult to come by but CBD appears to inhibit the action of an enzyme called cytochrome p450. This enzyme helps to remove medication from your body via the liver so if it is not working effectively there is a theoretical risk of an overdose.
In humans, it is easy to spot if CBD interacts with medication via what I call the grapefruit juice rule.
In summary, if your medication says words to the effect of ‘Do not drink grapefruit juice when on this medication’ you can lift out the words grapefruit juice and replace them with ‘CBD’ so the rule would be ‘Do not drink CBD when on this medication’.
For obvious reasons we do not tend to see dogs being given grapefruit juice so you need to look carefully at the medication leaflet that comes from your vet, or better still, just ask your vet.
Whilst cases of overdose via this route are almost unheard of it can happen and can be fatal which is another reason to try to get your dog’s health professional on board.
How To Use CBD Oil For Dogs: What Will My Vet Do?
When dogs are prescribed CBD, it is actually delivered in a similar way as you would to a human.
Though, you are unlikely to get your dog to hold the CBD oil under its tongue for a couple of minutes which is what we have to do.
We know this method can be inefficient in humans, but that being said I have seen some amazing reports from people whose dogs have been prescribed CBD, so whilst it may be inefficient it does not mean it will not work. I suspect this is because dogs are so sensitive to CBD that even a small amount can have an effect.
I have seen some plant-based powders being promoted as wellbeing supplements for animals, similar to our hemp powder Hatcha which is milled hemp. This product is like taking a bite out of the whole plant. As this isn’t a concentrated “CBD oil” and instead of a plant-food, you could sprinkle this on your dog’s food. Half a teaspoon is plenty.
The fastest and most bioavailable (how much of a substance you absorb when you take it) form of CBD for humans is our water-soluble products which we can take either directly into our mouth our even in a drink. The Absorb range added to water has become very popular for those who do not like the taste of regular CBD oil and want a more effective solution that also happens to be easier to take.
Back onto dogs – in summary, CBD definitely has uses, as acknowledged by the VMD. Therefore, speak to your vet to see if they can advise on next steps if you feel it may be of benefit.
CBD for dogs
With the introduction of CBD oil around the UK, and it quickly becoming the latest trend, more people are looking into potential benefits this may have for their pets. But, is it safe for dogs?
Is CBD oil safe for dogs?
There has been no evidence that CBD is toxic to dogs, but there is currently a lack of knowledge surrounding the correct dose and how CBD interacts with other medications.
There are no current CBD products that have been authorised for use in animals in the UK. CBD oil has not been approved by the Veterinary Medicines Directorate or Food Standards Agency.
If you are seriously considering trying CBD oil with your pets, you will need to talk to a vet first. Legally, only your vet can prescribe a legal human CBD product for your pet.
Is CBD oil beneficial for dogs?
There is currently no scientific evidence that CBD oil is beneficial to dogs.
Some studies have shown that CBD may help dogs with arthritis, as they seem to show increased activity and less pain after taking it.
However, when looking into whether this helps dogs with epilepsy, it’s been found that CBD has no effect. And it’s important to note that no studies have been carried out for CBD use in cats.
What is CBD oil?
CBD stands for cannabidiol, which is taken from cannabis. Unlike marijuana though, CBD oil doesn’t contain THC, which is toxic to animals. THC is the active chemical in marijuana that makes it psychoactive.
In fact, CBD oil products in the UK come from hemp and not marijuana – CBD derived from marijuana is illegal in this country.