CBD caused drug test failure, woman says
CHICAGO (WLS) — Over the counter CBD products offer to relieve a variety of ailments including pain & anxiety. The oils, creams, pills, candies and even beverages infused with CBD are wildly popular because they claim to be non-intoxicating while delivering similar health benefits of medical marijuana.
But the I-Team uncovered a CBD surprise. Some people who have been using CBD products in various forms have flunked drug screens for marijuana.
It happened recently to Rose Maexy of Indianapolis, Indiana. She said horrible nerve pain in her lower back was relieved when she started taking CBD pills, but when she took a drug test for a temp job she failed.
“THC showed up in my urine,” Maxey said. “Mind me, I am 61 years old, never flunked a drug test. I don’t do drugs. I don’t even smoke cigarettes.”
Maxey said she had no idea even trace amounts of THC could be inside the pills she took, although the manufacturer does post a warning on its website.
Cannabidiol, (CBD) the non-psychoactive ingredient in hemp and marijuana, could treat opioid addiction, a new study says.
CBD is short for cannibidiol, and is a chemical compound found in both cannabis plants: hemp and marijuana.
The CBD products currently sold over the counter should only come from hemp plants, which should have less than 0.3% THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, the psychoactive chemical that causes mind altering effects.
THC is one of the substances considered inappropriate in the workplace and it’s screened for on most drug tests.
But it’s a fine line between therapy and a heap of trouble. If small amounts of THC are in product there’s a chance your test can come up positive for marijuana.
University of Illinois at Chicago toxicology expert Frank Paloucek told the I-Team depending on what product you are taking and how much you are taking THC can build up in the body.
“If you aren’t regulated and you don’t manufacture under strict standards for testing, we are seeing that there are people coming out with a lot more marijuana THC in it than what people thought,” Paloucek said.
At Botanic Alternatives in Chicago’s Logan Square neighborhood, owner Tom Fisher said they have heard there is a small amount of people having trouble with employment drug tests.
But he said the issue is with unprofessional manufacturers who have poor quality control standards and who are not careful with what cannabis they are choosing to use.
Fisher said at his store they do extensive vetting of their suppliers because there is no federal regulation.
“Not all CBD is equal,” he said.
“The products we carry have certificates of analysis or third-part label testing data to verify what exactly is in the product and whether it’s safe to take or not,” said Jeff Trout, general manager of Botanic Alternatives.
Trendy CBD products are going mainstream and showing up now in fast food restaurants, home supply shops, and popular retail drug stores.
“There’s a lot of confusion as to what’s contained in what people are purchasing,” said Lori Ecker, an employment lawyer in Chicago.
Ecker said even those employees with exemplary records and a clear understanding of how a drug screen works can be tripped up. And she said most are too embarrassed and afraid to go public.
“It’s shocking and to have,” Ecker said. “The specter of losing your job on the spot it’s totally frightening.”
“The individual I spoke to did not believe there was any THC in the CBD oil that they purchased. And it wasn’t until after they tested positive that they started doing more research,” she added.
Currently Ecker is unaware of any cases in Illinois where CBD hemp oil was the culprit, and the individual who tested positive on a drug screen was terminated and sued. But she expects these cases could be coming soon.
The I-Team was recently contacted by an Illinois school bus driver who said he was devastated to learn he flunked a required drug screen.
He didn’t want to be identified but wanted others to know he lost his job, his family’s health insurance and his retirement after using CBD products to ease arthritis pain. He told the I-Team he thought the products he was using were legal and safe.
The legality of CBD remains murky for a variety of reasons.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has oversight of CBD because it is the active ingredient in an approved prescription drug to treat two rare seizure disorders. The agency has said CBD can’t be added to food or sold as a dietary supplement because officials haven’t determined if it’s safe or effective for other conditions.
But FDA commissioner Scott Gottieb recently told Congress enforcement is being limited to sellers who make false health claims.
“The City processes Business License applications in accordance with state law, which permits retail sale of CBD products as long as they are made from hemp which has less than 0.3% THC,” said Isaac Reichman, a spokesman with the City of Chicago’s Business Affairs and Consumer Protection office. “As part of our typical licensing process, BACP asks licensees to disclose their business activity, which can include if they are selling CBD products.”
The FDA is planning a public hearing at the end of May to gather more information on the science, manufacturing and sale of cannabis compounds such as CBD.
Rose Maxey told the I-Team she plans to keep using her favorite CBD products because they do a wonderful job easing her pain.
She said she will probably cut back on her CBD intake if she ever has to take a drug screen in the future.
Using CBD Oil for Pain Management Explained
Since the rise of opioid overdoses, physicians have decreased prescribing them for patients with pain. As a result, people dealing with pain have had to look for alternatives and have discovered CBD oil for pain.
Certain people with persistent pain utilize topical CBD products, such as CBD oil to manage their symptoms. CBD oil may help to reduce the following:
- overall discomfort caused by several health issues
CBD products and pain relief are beneficial.
According to preliminary research, CBD may be a safe and effective treatment for chronic pain. In addition, CBD has shown promise as an alternative for people who use prescription medications, such as opioids, that might become habit-forming and produce additional unwanted side effects.
However, more study is needed to verify CBD oil’s pain-relieving qualities.
What is CBD?
Cannabidiol, or CBD, is a chemical component found in the cannabis plant. Although CBD is not intoxicating, it may cause drowsiness. The cannabinoid extract in most things is derived from hemp, a type of cannabis with only traces (up to 0.3 percent) of THC, the psychoactive ingredient that makes people high.
CBD, a non-intoxicating chemical component of cannabis, can help those who suffer from chronic pain and rely on medicines like opioids that might be habit-forming and produce additional side effects. However, further study is required to determine the analgesic effectiveness of CBD oil and other treatment.
Types of CBD for Pain
Full-spectrum CBD is a form of cannabidiol that naturally includes all of the plant’s beneficial components. There are over 100 cannabinoids, including CBD and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Cannabis products’ therapeutic and psychoactive effects are due to CBD and THC. While CBD does not make you high, THC has an intoxicating effect.
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Cannabis contains more than 150 terpenes, which have an impact on the plant’s fragrance. An orange has a citrus flavor, for example. Terpenes can also have therapeutic benefits, such as the calming effects of lavender.
Cannabis is high in flavonoids, present in a wide range of plants. Flavonoids may be found in various plants, including fruits, grains, veggies, and other items. They have therapeutic qualities similar to those of terpenes.
The flavonoids present in full-spectrum hemp extract have anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, and neuroprotective effects, according to research from 2016. Therefore, CBD oil could be helpful for inflammatory and neuropathic pain.
Broad-spectrum – If you’re searching for a health benefit from CBD without the psychoactive side effects, broad-spectrum is most likely your best option.
The majority of broad-spectrum CBD products have little or no amounts of THC, but they should contain less than 0.3% of the total spectrum found in full-spectrum products.
Broad-spectrum CBD is a type of CBD that includes a variety of naturally occurring compounds from the plant but no THC.
CBD shouldn’t show up on a drug test. However, many products include traces of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the main active component in marijuana.
If enough THC is present, it will appear on a drug test. This implies that taking CBD might cause a false positive result on a drug test in rare situations. However, broad-spectrum CBD oil should not show up on a blood test. If you don’t mind THC and want to maximize the benefits of your CBD product, full-spectrum is typically the way to go.
Isolate – This is the purest form of CBD and is often used to make edibles. It might be a good choice for beginners who want to try out the health advantages of CBD without being disappointed by other cannabis components, which may muck up their results. CBD isolate is also refined, making it odorless and taste-free.
A study from 2015 found that CBD isolate may provide certain health advantages, but the effects may be less significant than those seen when taking a full-spectrum CBD product.
CBD isolate appears to have a more significant pain-relieving effect than full-spectrum CBD products. This contrasts to whole-spectrum products, where the effects increase as the dosage rises.
As a result, some people who want to take high doses of CBD may choose an isolate to avoid any undesirable effects. This isn’t always considered a disadvantage. Some consumers may wish for a product devoid of THC or be sensitive to it.
Because there is no THC, this substance should not appear on any drug tests. CBD products, on the other hand, should be treated with caution. Labels stating “THC-free” do not always imply that the product is free of THC. It’s essential to read everything on the bottle, package, and third-party test results to ensure that a person receives all of the information they require, so they don’t get ill as a result of it.
CBD Oil can Help with Chronic Pain
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a cellular signaling system that everyone has. Some experts believe that CBD interacts with a significant portion of the ECS – endocannabinoid receptors in your brain and immune system.
Receptors are small proteins that are attached to your cells. They receive information, usually chemicals, from various stimuli and help your cells react.
The body’s response to CBD is complex. However, one of its components, called cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), has an anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effect that can help with pain-related behaviors. This indicates that CBD oil and other cannabinoids may help people who suffer from chronic pain, such as chronic back discomfort.
The effects of cannabidiol on chronic pain were investigated in one 2018 CBD oil review. The study reviewed research published between 1975 and March 2018, including various forms of pain, such as cancer pain, fibromyalgia, and neuropathic discomfort.
According to research, the best CBD oil was found to help manage pain across the entire body. In addition, these studies revealed that CBD had no adverse side effects and might help with overall pain management.
CBD can Help with Relief from the Treatment of Cancer
Cannabidiol (CBD) is being studied for its effects on cancer. CBD has been found to shrink cancerous tumors in mice. However, most studies have looked at the role of CBD in pain relief related to cancer and chemotherapy treatment.
The National Cancer Institute (NCI)Trusted Source has pointed to CBD as a possible option for reducing chemotherapy’s side effects such as pain, lack of appetite, and vomiting.
In a 2010 research on cancer-related pain, oral sprays were given to participants of a THC-CBD combination extract. In a 2012 study, researchers found that using THC-CBD extract with opiates provided superior pain relief than using the drugs alone.
A 2013 research on THC and CBD oral sprays revealed the same. Many of the 2010 researchers collaborated on this research as well. However, additional study is still required.
CBD Helps to Relieve Pain from Migraines
There are only a few studies on CBD and migraine. In addition, the existing research examines CBD when it’s combined with THC rather than when used alone.
However, a 2017 study found that CBD and THC can help patients with migraine experience less acute and unbearable pain.
Some participants in this two-phase research took a combination of two chemicals in both phases. The first pill included 9 percent CBD and almost no THC. The second pill had 19 percent THC. Doses were administered orally.