cbd oil for dogs does it work 2022

CBD Oil for Dogs – March 2022

CBD, a cannabinoid derived from hemp, is studied for its potential anti-inflammatory properties, cardiac benefits, appetite stimulation, and anti-anxiety impact.

Dr. Jerry Klein, Chief Veterinary Officer of American Kennel Club (AKC), said that CBD might also have possible anti-cancer benefits, although there is no conclusive data on this use (7) .

There is also anecdotal evidence from dog owners suggesting CBD can treat pain, especially neuropathic pain, and help control seizures, Klein added.

However, there is still no definitive scientific data on using CBD to alleviate these conditions in dogs (8) .

Meanwhile, there have been studies done on humans and animals, like rats and mice, that show the health benefits of CBD oil .

Potential Therapeutic Benefits of CBD Oil for Dogs

The mechanism behind CBD’s therapeutic potential in dogs is attributed to how cannabinoids influence the endocannabinoid system (ECS).

According to a study shared in the PLOS One Journal, several dogs’ conditions share striking similarities with their human counterparts (9) .

The researchers examined the spatial distribution of cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1) in healthy canines’ central and peripheral nervous systems and compared them with humans and other mammals.

The similarities were also highlighted in a review shared in the Animals (Basel) Journal (10) . Based on the author’s research, it is apparent that the endocannabinoid system is not only found in mammals but nearly all animals.

The ECS has an integral role in maintaining homeostasis (natural balance) for some organ systems.

CBD for Arthritis and Inflammation in Dogs

The first scientific research conducted on CBD oil use in pets is the 2018 study sponsored by Cornell University, where CBD oil was given to dogs with osteoarthritis (11) .

The study mentioned that consuming hemp-based CBD dog treats was thought to relieve joint pain , inflammation, anxiety and phobia, digestive system issues, and pruritus (itching) (12) .

Results concluded that CBD oil might increase the dogs’ relief and activeness.

Given that CBD shares metabolic pathways with anti-inflammatory drugs, it may also help with dogs’ inflammatory conditions (13) .

A study published by the Veterinary Science Development noted that one in every four dogs in the USA is diagnosed with arthritis (14) .

The 2018 Cornell research showed that CBD might help provide substantial pain relief to dogs with arthritis when given in appropriate doses twice a day (15) .

CBD for Dog Anxiety

One common problem that dogs experience is anxiety. Furthermore, separation-anxiety has been observed to cause unwanted behavior, such as excessive vocalization and property destruction (16) .

A review shared in the Neurochemical Research Journal indicated that CBD could block the serotonin reuptake in the brain, making it more available for the body (17) .

Serotonin is a hormone that impacts the body and psychological functions and influences levels of mood, anxiety, and happiness.

The researchers suggested that regulating serotonin with CBD may help stabilize mood and reduce anxiety.

In the Translational Psychiatry journal , a study demonstrated CBD’s ability to trigger the ECS to produce more natural cannabinoids , like anandamide, which regulates emotions (18) .

Increased anandamide in the brain inhibits the effects of stress and reduces behavioral signs of anxiety and fear, according to a study on rats published in the Journal of Neuroscience (19) .

Meanwhile, a study done on rats and mice found that cannabinoids , particularly CBD and THC ( tetrahydrocannabinol ), are useful in the management of difficult to treat pain (20) .

Given how the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which regulates the functions of cannabinoids , works in the same way among all mammals, CBD’s anti-anxiety and pain-relieving properties may also be beneficial to dogs.

CBD for Dog Aggression

Studies have shown that CBD may help curb fear and anxiety, which may reduce dog aggression.

Dogs that are anxious about an uncertain or unpleasant outcome may exhibit anxiety-related aggression.

A study from Frontiers in Pharmacology examined the effects of CBD on learned fear in anxiety-related disorders, including phobias and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (21) .

Results indicated that CBD, a primary non-psychoactive component in Cannabis sativa , was useful in regulating fear.

Although the study was conducted on rodents, the results are still encouraging that CBD may help curb fear- or anxiety-related aggression in dogs.

CBD for Cancer in Dogs

By interacting with the dog’s ECS, CBD can help manage cancer symptoms, making it an alternative tool to improve the quality of life in dogs with cancer.

Studies have established the efficacy of cannabinoid agonists in reducing tumor growth and proliferation, according to a 2016 research that examined cannabinoids as anti-cancer agents (22) .

Cannabinoid agonists are substances that initiate a physiological response when combined with a receptor .

A study published in the Journal of Neuroinflammation in 2017 showed that CB2 receptors contribute to the slowing down of chronic inflammatory processes and modulating chronic pain (23) .

A study posted in the Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics mentioned that CBD might induce apoptosis in cancer cells via direct or indirect activation of the CB2 receptor (24) . Results showed that CBD could act as an inhibitor of cancer cell growth.

The mentioned studies on CBD’s efficacy were conducted on humans and animal models (rats and mice), not dogs.

However, the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which regulates the functions of cannabinoids , works in the same way among all mammals (25) . Therefore, the results may be similar when CBD is administered to dogs.

It is essential to consult with a licensed veterinarian knowledgeable in cannabis use before administering CBD products, regardless of form or dose, to dogs.

CBD for Epilepsy in Dogs

CBD has been shown to provide anti-convulsant effects. The Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association published a 2019 study that tested CBD’s efficacy in alleviating canine idiopathic epilepsy symptoms (26) .

According to the authors, CBD’s potential to reduce seizure frequency in dogs must be further explored by additional studies.

In human studies, CBD has been shown to reduce seizures in rare forms of child epilepsy. Epidiolex is the first CBD drug approved by the US food and Drug Administration (FDA) (27) .

The AKC Canine Health Foundation (CHF) is sponsoring a study through the Colorado State University’s College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences to evaluate the use of CBD in treatment-resistant epileptic dogs.

In a 2019 article, the CHF expressed hope the study would be the first to gain scientific data on CBD use in dogs with this condition (28) .

Risks and Side Effects of CBD Oil for Dogs

A study posted by Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research has reported that CBD may cause diarrhea, drowsiness, changes in appetite, dry mouth, and elevated liver enzymes in humans and animals (29) .

A separate 2018 study observed that oral CBD administration in healthy dogs caused mild diarrhea. This side effect resulted from healthy dogs consuming 10 to 20 milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg) of CBD a day for six weeks (30) .

Furthermore, a 2019 study shared by Molecules has shown how high CBD dosages caused hepatotoxicity (liver injury) in rats. The researchers administered 246 to 2,460 mg/kg a day to eight-week-old male mice for ten days (31) .

Following the CBD administration, researchers observed that the mice displayed a significant increase in liver-to-body weight ratios.

CBD may also interact with medications. Moreover, testing of pet products is less prevalent than the testing of human products. There have been reports of animals negatively affected by spoiled or contaminated CBD products (32) .

The FDA has not approved cannabis use in animals. The agency warns pet owners against using CBD products and recommends consultation with a veterinarian about appropriate treatment options for pets (33) .

The American Veterinary Medical Association mentioned that under current federal law, veterinarians are prohibited from administering, prescribing, or recommending cannabis products for animals (34) .

California is the only state that passed legislation authorizing veterinarians to discuss cannabis with their clients (35) .

CBD Dosage for Dogs

In an article posted by Veterinary Cannabis Education and Consulting, pet parents are given guidelines on how much CBD oil may be given for a particular health issue (36) .

However, the US Food and Drug Administration ( FDA ) has not approved CBD and has not issued a dosing chart for dogs (37) .

Given these limitations, one does not know what size dosage would be toxic. Also, CBD may interact with other pharmaceuticals and cause side effects .

There are many factors involved in finding the most therapeutic dose of CBD for one’s dog. The dose can also depend on the dog’s weight, diet, and health condition.

When giving a dog something new, it is always advisable to start with small amounts and then carefully monitor the effects.

D og owners must follow the instructions on dosing as per the brand’s recommendation and upon the advice of a licensed veterinarian experienced in cannabis use.

The pet parent’s primary responsibility is to inform the veterinarian about a plan to include CBD in the dog’s regimen while taking other medications.

How Dogs Can Take CBD Oil

CBD oil for pets may come in the form of CBD pet tincture that may be given orally, combined with pet food or treats, or used in massages.

There are also CBD hemp oil , topical creams, or balms that are excellent for dog owners who want to manage their dog’s rashes or muscle aches.

When administering CBD oil tincture to a dog for anxiety or other health issues, dog owners must start with the minimum dose and gradually increase to the target dose (38) .

A marked dropper is recommended for consistent and accurate dosing .

It is crucial that dog owners know how much CBD is in each drop or milliliter of CBD tincture .

Pet owners who struggle with CBD tincture administration may mix tinctures into dog food or a favorite treat, such as peanut butter. Moreover, pet owners may opt for CBD treats and soft chews for dogs who do not like tinctures.

Dog owners must take notes of the pet’s progress, behavior, and reactions after CBD administration. This information must be shared with the veterinarian in charge of the dog’s therapy.

The amount of CBD needed to achieve potential benefits depend on the dog’s diagnosis, size, age, and other medical conditions.

What is CBD Oil?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannabinoid predominantly found in hemp plants. Aside from CBD, hemp also contains other cannabinoids, such as cannabigerol (CBG), cannabichromene (CBC), cannabinol (CBN), and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

The main types of CBD are full-spectrum CBD oil, broad-spectrum CBD oil, and CBD isolate.

Full-spectrum CBD oil contains all the cannabinoids, flavonoids, terpenes, and other compounds naturally present in cannabis plants, including other minerals, such as Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids.

Terpenes are the compounds in cannabis that provide distinctive aromas and flavors, while flavonoids are responsible for most plants’ vivid colors.

Combining all these components creates a synergy known as the “ entourage effect ,” where all of the compounds working together are more efficient than their isolated elements (39) .

Some products may be marketed as full-spectrum hemp, which may be similar to full-spectrum CBD, depending on its cannabinoid presence.

Broad-spectrum CBD oils are like full-spectrum oils that are THC -free or contain trace amounts (less than 0.3%) of THC . CBD isolates carry only isolated cannabidiol that is substantially pure CBD oil.

Not all oils are the same. Dog owners must only insist only on the highest quality of pet CBD oil to have a better chance of it working.

Is CBD Legal?

The 2018 United States Farm Bill legalized the cultivation of industrial hemp plants that contain 0.3% THC or less. Legitimate CBD oil products in the US are derived from industrial hemp from licensed farms.

Some individuals may confuse cannabis -derived CBD with marijuana-derived CBD. Marijuana and hemp are both classifications of Cannabis sativa . However, marijuana has a higher THC and low CBD content. Industrial hemp from licensed farms contains very low THC and a higher CBD concentration than marijuana. Unlike marijuana-derived CBD, hemp-derived CBD with less than 0.3% is legal in most states.

Some states, such as Idaho, require CBD products to be THC-free (40) .

Although hemp-derived products are legal, the CBD industry is not fully regulated by any organization.

Pet owners must make sure that the CBD products they are buying are tested by third-party laboratories.

Third-party lab test results determine if the product does not contain harmful chemicals, such as pesticides , heavy metals , or residual solvents .

How to Find High-Quality CBD Oil?

When choosing among CBD brands, pet owners must consider several factors, such as carrier oil , source of the hemp extract, extraction method, and other ingredients.

Most pet owners prefer brands that use non-GMO and organic hemp . These features ensure the plant is all-natural and pesticides were not used in the growing process.

Pets may react to certain elements like gluten , additives , and preservatives . Thus, pet owners may opt for vegan or gluten -free dog treats made from natural ingredients .

CBD brands that use a clean extraction method, such as CO 2 extraction , is ideal for pet owners who do not want any harsh chemicals. CO 2 extraction does not use solvents or chemicals to separate the compounds.

Pet owners may also consider the carrier oil used by CBD tinctures. Some CBD tinctures are suspended in medium-chain triglycerides ( MCT oil ), olive oil, or hempseed oil .

Pet owners must be cautious as some dogs might have allergic reactions to certain oils.

Organic CBD brands with readily available third-party lab reports are ideal when shopping for the best CBD oil for dogs .

Companies that are confident with their high-quality products offer a 30-day money-back guarantee .

Do Vets Recommend CBD Oil for Dogs?

A study retrieved data from Veterinary Information Network to learn more about CBD’s status as an alternative remedy in the veterinary community.

The study indicated that out of 2,130 respondents, 61.5% felt comfortable discussing CBD with their colleagues, while only 45.5% were willing to discuss CBD with their clients (41) .

The study added that the majority of vets (82.1%) do not prescribe CBD to clients.

Conclusion

As many CBD pet products become available, veterinarians witness an increasing interest among pet owners in using these products for their furry friends’ wellness .

However, most CBD studies were conducted on humans, mice, and rats, not dogs.

Dog owners should also note that CBD can also cause slight drowsiness when used in high doses. The other potential side effects of CBD use include dry mouth and lowered blood pressure .

  1. McPartland JM, Matias I, Di Marzo V, Glass M. Evolutionary origins of the endocannabinoid system. Gene. 2006;370:64-74.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2005.11.004 .
  2. Kriss R. (2019, Oct 27). The American Kennel Club. CBD Oil for Dogs: What You Need to Know. Retrieved from https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/cbd-oil-dogs/ .
  3. Gamble LJ, Boesch JM, Frye CW, et al. Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Clinical Efficacy of Cannabidiol Treatment in Osteoarthritic Dogs. Front Vet Sci. 2018;5:165. Published 2018 Jul 23. DOI:10.3389/fvets.2018.00165.
  4. Kogan LR, Hellyer PW, Robinson NG. Consumers’ perceptions of hemp products for animals. J Am Holist Vet Med Assoc. (2016) 42:40–8.
  5. MedlinePlus. (2020, Jan 21).Cannabidiol (CBD). Retrieved from https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/natural/1439.html .
  6. Kriss R. (2019, Oct 27). Op.cit.
  7. Ibid.
  8. Ibid.
  9. Freundt-Revilla J, Kegler K, Baumgärtner W, Tipold A (2017) Spatial distribution of cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1) in normal canine central and peripheral nervous system. PLoS ONE 12(7): e0181064.
  10. Silver RJ. The Endocannabinoid System of Animals. Animals (Basel). 2019;9(9):686. Published 2019 Sep 16. DOI:10.3390/ani9090686.
  11. Gamble LJ, Boesch JM, Frye CW, et al. Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Clinical Efficacy of Cannabidiol Treatment in Osteoarthritic Dogs. Front Vet Sci. 2018;5:165. Published 2018 Jul 23. DOI:10.3389/fvets.2018.00165.
  12. Ibid
  13. MedlinePlus. (2020, Jan 21).Cannabidiol (CBD). Retrieved from https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/natural/1439.html .
  14. Clark, Stephanie. (2015). Canine Osteoarthritis and Treatments: A Review. Veterinary Science Development. 5. 10.4081/vsd.2015.5931.
  15. Gamble LJ, Boesch JM, Frye CW, et al. (2018). Op cit.
  16. Sargisson R. Canine separation anxiety: strategies for treatment and management. Vet Med (Auckl). 2014;5:143-151. https://doi.org/10.2147/VMRR.S60424
  17. Russo, E.B., Burnett, A., Hall, B. et al. Agonistic Properties of Cannabidiol at 5-HT1a Receptors. Neurochem Res 30, 1037–1043 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11064-005-6978-1 .
  18. Leweke FM, Piomelli D, Pahlisch F, et al. Cannabidiol enhances anandamide signaling and alleviates psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia. Transl Psychiatry. 2012;2(3):e94. Published 2012 Mar 20. DOI:10.1038/tp.2012.15.
  19. Morena M., Aukema, R., […], and Hill M. Upregulation of Anandamide Hydrolysis in the Basolateral Complex of Amygdala Reduces Fear Memory Expression and Indices of Stress and Anxiety. Journal of Neuroscience 13 February 2019, 39 (7) 1275-1292; DOI: https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2251-18.2018 .
  20. Russo EB. Cannabinoids in the management of difficult to treat pain. Ther Clin Risk Manag. 2008;4(1):245–259. DOI:10.2147/tcrm.s1928.
  21. Jurkus R, Day HL, Guimarães FS, Lee JL, Bertoglio LJ, Stevenson CW. Cannabidiol Regulation of Learned Fear: Implications for Treating Anxiety-Related Disorders. Front Pharmacol. 2016;7:454. Published 2016 Nov 24. DOI:10.3389/fphar.2016.00454.
  22. Ladin DA, Soliman E, Griffin L, Van Dross R. Preclinical and Clinical Assessment of Cannabinoids as Anti-Cancer Agents. Front Pharmacol. 2016;7:361. Published 2016 Oct 7. DOI:10.3389/fphar.2016.00361.
  23. Niu J, Huang D, Zhou R, et al. Activation of dorsal horn cannabinoid CB2 receptor suppresses the expression of P2Y12 and P2Y13 receptors in neuropathic pain rats. J Neuroinflammation. 2017;14(1):185. Published 2017 Sep 12. DOI:10.1186/s12974-017-0960-0.
  24. Alessia Ligresti, Aniello Schiano Moriello, Katarzyna Starowicz, Isabel Matias, Simona Pisanti, Luciano De Petrocellis, Chiara Laezza, Giuseppe Portella, Maurizio Bifulco and Vincenzo Di Marzo. Antitumor Activity of Plant Cannabinoids with Emphasis on the Effect of Cannabidiol on Human Breast Carcinoma. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics September 1, 2006, 318 (3) 1375-1387; DOI: https://doi.org/10.1124/jpet.106.105247 .
  25. McPartland JM, Matias I, Di Marzo V, Glass M. Evolutionary origins of the endocannabinoid system. Gene. 2006;370:64-74. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2005.11.004 .
  26. McGrath, S., Bartner, L. R., Rao, S., Packer, R. A., & Gustafson, D. L. (2019). Randomized blinded controlled clinical trial to assess the effect of oral cannabidiol administration in addition to conventional antiepileptic treatment on seizure frequency in dogs with intractable idiopathic epilepsy. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 254(11), 1301–1308.
  27. The US Food and Drug Administration. FDA Approves First Drug Comprised of Active Ingredient from Cannabis. Retrieved from https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/fda-approves-first-drug-comprised-active-ingredient-derived-marijuana-treat-rare-severe-forms
  28. CHF Announces Funding for Clinical Trial to Study Cannabidiol to Treat Drug Resistant Epilepsy in Dogs. Retrieved from https://www.akcchf.org/news-events/news/clinical-trial-to-study.html
  29. Iffland, K., & Grotenhermen, F. (2017). An Update on Safety and Side Effects of Cannabidiol: A Review of Clinical Data and Relevant Animal Studies. Cannabis and cannabinoid research, 2(1), 139–154. https://doi.org/10.1089/can.2016.0034
  30. McGrath S, Bartner LR, Rao S, Kogan LR, Hellyer PW. A report of adverse effects associated with the administration of cannabidiol in healthy dogs. J Am Holist Vet Med Assoc. 2018;52:34–38.
  31. Ewing, L. E., Skinner, C. M., Quick, C. M., Kennon-McGill, S., McGill, M. R., Walker, L. A., ElSohly, M. A., Gurley, B. J., & Koturbash, I. (2019). Hepatotoxicity of a Cannabidiol-Rich Cannabis Extract in the Mouse Model. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 24(9), 1694. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24091694
  32. Peachman, RR. (2019, April 11). Should You Try CBD for Your Pet? Retrieved from https://www.consumerreports.org/cbd/should-you-try-cbd-for-your-pet/
  33. US FDA. (2020, March 11). FDA Regulation of Cannabis and Cannabis-Derived Products, Including Cannabidiol (CBD). Retrieved from https://www.fda.gov/news-events/public-health-focus/fda-regulation-cannabis-and-cannabis-derived-products-including-cannabidiol-cbd
  34. Burke, A. (2018, Oct 17). How to Talk to Your Veterinarian About CBD Oil. Retrieved from https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/talk-veterinarian-cbd-oil/
  35. Peachman, RR. (2019, April 11). Op cit.
  36. Veterinary Cannabis Education and Consulting. Cannabis Guidelines for Pet Parents. Retrieved from https://www.veterinarycannabis.org/guidelines-for-pet-parents.html
  37. Kriss R. (2019, Oct 27). The American Kennel Club. CBD Oil for Dogs: What You Need to Know. Retrieved from https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/cbd-oil-dogs/
  38. Kriss R. (2019, Oct 27). Op.cit.
  39. Russo EB. The Case for the Entourage Effect and Conventional Breeding of Clinical Cannabis: No “Strain,” No Gain. Front Plant Sci. 2019;9:1969. Published 2019 Jan 9. DOI:10.3389/fpls.2018.01969.
  40. Idaho Office of Drug Policy. Retrieved from https://odp.idaho.gov/cannibidiol/
  41. Kogan, L., Schoenfeld-Tacher, R., Hellyer, P., & Rishniw, M. (2019). US Veterinarians’ Knowledge, Experience, and Perception Regarding the Use of Cannabidiol for Canine Medical Conditions. Frontiers in veterinary science, 5, 338. https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2018.00338

Just as CBD oil provides numerous benefits for humans, it can also help dogs experience relief from a range of conditions.

Pet owners may consider using CBD for dogs if their furry friend is suffering or in pain. Knowing how to select the best and safest CBD treats for pets , including CBD oil for dogs is essential for acquiring the most beneficial results.

This article will serve as a guide in choosing the right CBD oil and will mention the well-received ones.

The Best CBD Products for Dogs

Once pet owners have all of the above information in mind, it is time to start looking for the best CBD oil for dogs. The following are the well-received ones, in alphabetical order.

Understanding CBD Oil

People must understand what CBD oil is and why it helps before giving it to their dogs. CBD stands for cannabinoid, and CBD oil comes from the cannabis plant.

There are multiple extraction methods, and some CBD products indicate which extraction method they use. The trichomes in the marijuana flower are glands with essential oils.

Producers of CBD oil separate the trichome glands from the rest of the plant, then formulate them to get the perfect ratio of cannabinoids.

Cannabinoids

There are more than 80 different cannabinoids in the cannabis plant. CBD or cannabidiol is the cannabinoid that is found in the best CBD oil options for dogs. This is also the cannabinoid associated with the full range of benefits for both pets and humans.

THC or tetrahydrocannabinol is another cannabinoid, and it is present in some CBD oils. THC is the cannabinoid responsible for marijuana’s psychoactive or mind-altering effects.

Inclusion of Cannabinoids in CBD Oil

At first glance, it would make sense to choose a CBD oil that does not include THC to avoid psychoactive effects while still taking advantage of the other benefits.

However, there is a complication that pet owners should be aware of: the entourage effect. This means that it is more effective to use cannabinoids together.

Therefore, the best CBD oils for dogs will have small quantities of THC.

For example, hemp products alone have THC concentrations of less than 0.3 percent, which is enough to get the benefits of the entourage effect.

As long as the CBD oil is dosed accurately, the dog will not experience any psychoactive effects. For this to be the case, choose a product with very minimal or no THC.

How CBD Oil Helps Dogs

As mentioned, CBD oil has numerous benefits for dogs. It can be part of a treatment for anxiety, stress, seizures, nausea, arthritis, gastrointestinal issues, back pain, and cancer symptoms.

CBD can also help with chronic inflammation, sleep problems, any moderate to severe pain, and more.

The cannabinoids in the CBD oil interact with the dog’s endocannabinoid system, just as it would in humans.

That system is a system of receptors throughout the body. By interacting with these endocannabinoid receptors, CBD oil’s cannabinoids can regulate nausea, pain, and anxiety.

No Side Effects with Proper Dosing

One of the most exciting things about CBD oil for dogs is that there are no life-threatening side effects, assuming they received the proper dosage.

This is in sharp contrast with the pain medications that are traditionally prescribed for dogs that could potentially damage things like the GI tract, liver, or kidneys.

Instead, dogs will not feel sedated or high when taking the best CBD oil for dogs. They will not experience any long-term damage to organs either.

If proper dosing is administered, it is rare for a dog to experience any life-threatening risk. The key here is to ensure the proper dose. Remember that dogs are smaller than humans and require less CBD oil than people.

Pet owners should also ensure that they choose cannabis oil from a reputable source. Otherwise, it may contain ingredients that could be harmful to their pets.

How Pet Owners Should Choose CBD Oil for Dogs

As a pet owner, the priority is determining which CBD oils are safe to use. Always ensure to select an oil from a well-known, reputable company to avoid the ones with unnecessary or potentially harmful ingredients.

Avoid CBD oils that make claims that seem too good to be true; if they lie about those claims, they may lie about the ingredients or something else.

  • Flavoring or lack of flavoring
  • Cannabinoids present in addition to CBD
  • THC levels
  • Presence of third-party laboratory analysis
  • Dosage
  • Cost per mg of CBD

If the dog is currently on any other medication, make sure to consult with a vet before giving them CBD oil.

Choosing a Dose

Unfortunately, experts are still working to figure out the ideal dose of CBD oil for dogs. This means that most pet owners will need to do a bit of trial and error.

Start with a smaller dose and increase it slowly if your dog does not experience relief. This will dramatically minimize the risk of overdosing and potential problems.

Pet owners can also consult their vet about CBD oil for dogs to see if they have experience with dosing. Some brands of CBD oil that market to pet owners may also have general guidelines to follow.

When in doubt, start with an incredibly low dose of around 0.25 mg each day, then increase it. Make sure to monitor how the dog responds and consider factors like the canine’s activity level, size, and weight.

How to Administer CBD to Dogs: Dog Treats, Oil, and More

There are several methods of giving your dog CBD, from treats infused with it to CBD oil. Using one of the best CBD oil options for dogs tend to be the easiest choice as they are highly versatile. Even so, there are other options available.

Topical Treatments

There are some topical treatments infused with CBD that you can apply to dogs. Pet owners apply these to the area to be treated.

These are great for pet owners who want to manage their dog’s allergies, rashes, or specific muscle aches because they allow for targeting.

Dog Treats

The most straightforward method of giving a dog CBD would be to buy dog treats infused with CBD. This method does not require any effort from the pet owner, as they do not need to measure anything.

The problem is that the treats rely on a one-size-fits-all dose, without any ability for dose adjustment.

There is also no way to confirm that the CBD treats contain the advertised dose. This makes it hard to ensure the dog gets enough CBD to help their problems without giving them too much.

Capsules

You can also find capsules with CBD oil. These will be pre-dosed like the dog treats, so there is less flexibility in terms of dosing. However, they are easy to give to dogs when hidden in food or a treat.

CBD Oil

For the most versatility and value, pet owners should avoid CBD dog treats or topical treatments and opt for one of the best CBD oils for dogs to be in complete control of the dose and to know exactly how much to give the canine.

If the dog is cooperative, place the CBD oil right in their mouth. If they are less cooperative, it is easy to mix the oil into some wet food or another treat, so they do not even know they are consuming it.

Choosing one of the best CBD oils for dogs will give them a simple way to ingest cannabinoids that can help with a range of conditions, from arthritis to seizures.

Any of the above products are excellent choices that should inspire confidence and make it easy in giving the canine the proper dose.

Best CBD for Dogs: Top Products of 2022

As a dog owner, you always want the best for your furry friend — to make sure your dog’s happy and healthy. And, just as millions of humans have experienced, CBD (cannabidiol) can help provide your dog with a calming wellness, improving their quality of life. For dogs that struggle with stress, hypertension and even pain issues, non-hallucinogenic hemp-derived CBD can be a boon to feeling their best.

Since the market of CBD for dogs has exploded in recent years, it’s easy to get overwhelmed with the many options available. With that in mind, we made our selection of the best CBD dog products based on purity, potency, additional ingredients and flavor. It’s important that when using CBD for dogs, you know it’s safe, effective and, also important, that your pet will enjoy it.

As the options of CBD for dogs are so broad, we’ve broken our picks into two categories: Best CBD Oil for Dogs, and Best CBD Products for Dogs (non oil). So, whether you want to stealthily use an eye-dropper in your dog’s food, or give your pup a tasty treat, we’ve got you covered.

Top 5 Best CBD Oils for Dogs 2022

1. CBDfx CBD Pet Tincture (Overall Best CBD Oil for Dogs)

CBDfx has developed a stellar reputation for quality, potency and purity, which is why it has been a leader in the CBD industry since 2014. All of CBDfx’s CBD products are made from organically grown hemp, with CBD oils extracted with clean, natural carbon dioxide. That means your dog (or you) can rest assured that there are no harmful chemicals in any of the high-quality items they sell. And independent, third-party lab testing further ensures you’re getting a pure, safe product that can help dogs and owners alike experience the benefits of CBD without any worry.

CBDfx CBD Pet Tincture is made with human-grade CBD, which means your dog will get the same quality CBD as you would. The vegan ingredients are also refreshingly straight-foward: broad spectrum CBD oil, coconut-derived MCT oil (for better absorption), and natural flavoring. Also, since there’s a huge variety in dog sizes and weights — from a teacup yorkie to terrier to St. Bernard and everything in between — CBDfx offers a wide range of strengths to ensure the right CBD dosage for your dog: 250 mg CBD for small breeds (under 20lb), 500 mg CBD for medium breeds (20–60lb), 1000 mg CBD for large breeds (over 60lb), and 2000 mg CBD extra strength for the biggest dogs (over 100lb).

And, for dogs with discerning palates when it comes to taking medications and supplements, it’s bacon-flavored — every dog’s kryptonite. With a great variety of potencies, pure ingredients and, c’mon, bacon flavor, it’s easy to see why CBDfx CBD Pet Tincture is our top pick for 2022’s “Best CBD Oil for Dogs.”

Save 25% with code CBDFX25.

2. CBDfx CBD Dog Tincture (Best CBD Oil Tincture Flavor for Dogs)

Given the top-quality products CBDfx delivers across the spectrum, it’s no wonder that its follow-up to the vegan-bacon CBD Pet Tincture earns the No. 2 spot on our list. CBDfx knocked it out of the (dog) park again with its new CBD Dog Tincture, which features the same organic broad spectrum CBD and natural MCT oil to help with absorption, so you can rest assured this CBD for dogs is safe and effective.

However, with the CBD Dog Tincture, CBDfx shifted from the undeniably outstanding vegan bacon flavor and developed an incredible vegan chicken flavor your dog is sure to love. For finicky dogs, think of it like “a spoonful of sugar” — except it tastes like delicious chicken soup, so it’ll be a breeze to give your pup their daily dose. As it’s human-quality CBD, you can even try it for yourself. We won’t judge.

Save 25% with code CBDFX25.

3. Lazarus Naturals CBD Pet Tincture: Sensitive Formula (Best CBD Hemp Oil for Sensitive Stomachs)

Some dogs have a hard time keeping their food down. If you’re a pet owner whose dog has a sensitive stomach, you know what we’re talking about. Lazarus Naturals’ CBD Pet Tincture: Sensitive Formula is great for dogs with tummy troubles. Their CBD isolate formula contains no artificial flavors, preservatives, or sweeteners, and is 100% gluten-free. This flavorless oil is so mild (with a low dosage, ideal for smaller dogs), you can even use it for cats or rabbits.

Lazarus Naturals’ CBD Pet Tincture: Sensitive Formula comes in strengths of 30mL/600mg CBD; 60mL/1200mg CBD; and 120mL/2400mg CBD.

Save 20% with code CBD20.

4. Charlotte’s Web CBD Pet Tincture (Best Full Spectrum CBD Oil for Dogs)

Charlotte’s Web CBD Pet Tincture is a CBD oil for dogs with a focus on purity and simplicity. This extract is made from American-grown, hemp-derived cannabinoids and MCT for absorption, to give your pup the many benefits of CBD oil for dogs, and nothing else.

The ever-important flavor options include chicken, for pups who enjoy some choice (vegan) protein taste. And there’s also a non-flavored CBD oil variety for dogs who might require some trickery to take their dose.

Just be sure to stick to the correct dosage, as this CBD oil for dogs comes in one strength. And while the THC content in the recommended full spectrum dose isn’t potent enough to get your pet high, it’s important to not give your pup too much, especially smaller breeds.

Save 20% with code CBD20.

5. Medterra CBD Pet Tincture: Unflavored (Best Dog CBD Oil to Add to Food)

Medterra continues with our standards for excellence by providing 100% organic, all-natural CBD for dogs and cats alike. Like others mentioned above, the CBD is extracted via clean carbon dioxide, so there’s nothing in the CBD oil that’s harmful for your dog. Also, it’s third-party tested for purity and potency, so your pup gets the wellness effects of CBD that they deserve.

It’s non-flavored and 99% pure CBD oil, providing a CBD experience your dog will love. Non-flavored oil is ideal for sneaking into your dog’s favorite food or snack. And the CBD strength range also caters to all dog and cat sizes and breeds: 150 mg CBD for smaller dogs, 300 mg CBD for medium dogs, and 750 mg CBD for larger dogs.

Save 20% with code CBD20.

Top 5 Best CBD Products for Dogs 2022 (Non-Tincture Oil)

1. CBDfx CBD Pet Treats (Best CBD Dog Biscuits)

CBDfx CBD Pet Treats are the best CBD dog biscuits of 2022. And it’s easy to see why. As mentioned above, the company’s organic, high-quality, third-party tested products are excellent. And these CBD dog treats are no exception. With options for both “Stress & Anxiety” and “Joint & Mobility,” these 15mg, specially formulated, tasty treats will have your dog feeling happy, healthy and calm.

The CBD in the “Stress & Anxiety” dog treats is broad spectrum, organic and mixed in the calming extracts of chamomile, passion flower and valerian root to help bring peace to pups that struggle with anxiety. This can help your dog with separation anxiety, general nervousness, and even some aggression.

The “Joint & Mobility” treats feature the same CBD for dogs, and couples it with powerful antioxidants from blueberries, spinach and parsley to aid in joint health, and help your dog feel like a puppy again.

Both options offer the same great sweet potato taste that dogs love. Plus, these vegan CBD dog treats are loaded with essential vitamins and minerals for nutritional health.

Save 25% with code CBDFX25.

2. CBDfx Calming and Moisturizing CBD Pet Balm (Best Skincare CBD for Dogs)

CBDfx Calming and Moisturizing CBD Pet Balm is the best way to help your dog with irritating — and potentially serious — skin issues. Not all CBD uses are internal, and this topical ointment will help protect and moisturize your dog’s raw, itchy, sensitive skin, especially around the nose and paws.

Like the other CBDfx products mentioned, the CBD pet balm is made with all-natural ingredients, including American-harvested broad-spectrum CBD that’s safe for dogs to promote calmness and reduced anxiety. It also features hemp-seed oil to help strengthen skin and fight infection, as well as help reduce inflammation. Other ingredients include odorless Alaskan salmon oil, shea butter, candelilla wax, lavender, rosemary and chamomile essential oils to soothe your dog’s skin and get their coat shining again.

Save 25% with code CBDFX25.

3. Paw CBD Hard Chews for Dogs (Best Hard Chew Flavors for Dogs)

Paw CBD Hard Chews for Dogs get high marks for delivering great-quality CBD-infused dog treats in flavors your pet will love. These crunchy goodies promote wellness with broad spectrum hemp extracts. And your pup will love eating these CBD dog treats because they come in two holy-grail flavors for our furry friends: baked cheese and peanut butter.

We also appreciate that these CBD oil products come in three strength concentrations for small, medium and large dogs — 5 mg CBD, 10 mg CBD, and 15 mg CBD per chew — so it’s easy to ensure the right dose of CBD for your dog.

Save 20% with code CBD20.

4. Lazarus Naturals CBD Dog Treats: Calm + Mobility (Best Dog Treats With Omega-3 Support)

Omega-3 fish oils aren’t just for humans looking to lower their blood pressure and reduce triglycerides. Dogs can use that omega-3 support, too. Lazarus Naturals’ CBD Dog Treats for Calm and Mobility, provide omega-3 fatty acids from fish collagen and wild Alaskan salmon oil, as well as 5 mg of organic full spectrum CBD per serving. And dogs go crazy for the organic pumpkin flavor.

These all-natural dog treats are a great product for calming nerves and promoting better joint mobility, and they make a tail-wagging reward for puppers of all sizes.

Save 20% with code CBD20.

5. King Kalm Pet Topical Soothe Spray for Pets (Best CBD Skincare Spray for Dogs)

For dogs with sensitive skin, hot spots, dermal dryness and more, King Kalm Pet Topical Soothe Spray for Pets provides much-needed relief in more ways than one. With ingredients that include aloe vera, tea tree oil and chamomile, your dog will feel the effects immediately on their sensitive skin. And the CBD infusion in the spray adds natural anti-itch and anti-inflammatory benefits for longer relief.

And like most of our other CBD dog product top picks, King Kalm does third-party laboratory testing to ensure purity, potency and safety for your pet. So, if your dog is suffering from itchy, sensitive skin, relief is just a spray away.

Save 20% with code CBD20.

Why Give CBD Oil to Your Dog?

The short answer is: So they feel good, healthy and relaxed. But the reasons behind that require a little more explanation.

For a little biology primer: Dogs (and humans, and most every vertebrate) have an internal network of chemical signals and cellular receptors called the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which plays an important role in the central and peripheral nervous systems, organ function and more. For dogs and people alike, the ECS runs all around our bodies and brains and uses its own endocannabinoids to help to regulate the levels and functions of neurotransmitters to keep the body in balance. That includes vital roles, such as stress relief, sleep, mood, memory, appetite, pain management, and much more.

With that in mind, giving your dog CBD oil or CBD treats sends hemp-derived cannabinoids into your dog’s ECS, which helps support balance in brain and organ function. The effect is essentially a boost toward homeostasis, wellness and a calming effect.

How to Shop for the Best CBD Oil for Your Dog

If you’ve even slightly been paying attention over the last five years, the CBD industry is expanding at incredible speed. And, likewise, there are more options than ever when shopping for CBD for dogs. However, it pays to do your research to find the right CBD product for your pooch, including quality, potency and flavor.

Reports from independent, third-party laboratory testing is the mark of a CBD company that stands behind the purity and safety of its product. With a lab report, you’ll know exactly what you’re buying, and have science-backed verification of what levels of CBD and other cannabinoids are present. Plus, it’ll let you know if there are any heavy metals, pesticides or other chemicals that are potentially harmful to your dog.

Flavor matters in CBD for dogs. If you have children, or were once one yourself, you know that getting a strong-willed, socially illiterate creature to take their medicine can be more than a little challenging. That’s why it’s so important to find a CBD product your dog will actually enjoy eating — or at least not notice if you hide it in their food. But, as safety is important above all else, steer toward natural flavorings to avoid possible harmful side effects for your dog.

When in doubt, let the masses be your guide. Look for well-reviewed CBD companies and CBD products with testimonies from actual customers. Yes, there will inevitably be outlier complaints or praises, but look for overwhelmingly positive reviews before you purchase any CBD product for your dog.

Possible CBD Side Effects for Dogs

It’s extremely unlikely for dogs to experience any adverse side effects from ingesting or receiving topical CBD. (The same goes for people.) While rare, it is possible for dogs to experience diarrhea, vomiting, and lethargy when given an oral CBD oil product. The vast majority of these cases were a result of dogs being given massively high doses of CBD oil. However, if administered in the correct dosage, in accordance with product recommendations and veterinary guidance, CBD oils, treats, balms and more can be a great path to wellness without any issues. But, should any negative side effects occur, contact your veterinarian immediately.

Keep Your Dog Safe: Hemp vs. Marijuana

Hemp and marijuana, while genetically related, are very different. The fine CBD products listed above are all derived from hemp, which is the low-THC form of cannabis. CBD and hemp are not only harmless to dogs (in moderation), but even provide many benefits listed above. On the flip side, marijuana is the high-THC form, which makes it hallucinogenic. And marijuana is toxic to dogs in any quantity, so avoid giving them even a small amount.

Giving Your Dog CBD

Whether your dog could use some joint and mobility support, help with anxiety, or dermatological relief, CBD for your dog can be a godsend. Or, even if they aren’t suffering from any acute issues, CBD can promote general, daily wellness to help your dog feel their best.

Now that you know about CBD, its many benefits for your dog, and what to look out for when shopping, we encourage you to check out the products and associated brands listed above. As when giving your dog any new medications or supplements, consult your veterinarian before giving your dog CBD.

The news and editorial staff of Sound Publishing, Inc. had no role in the preparation of this post. The views and opinions expressed in this sponsored post are those of the advertiser and do not reflect those of Sound Publishing, Inc.

Sound Publishing, Inc. does not accept liability for any loss or damages caused by the use of any products, nor do we endorse any products posted in our Marketplace.