cbd oil dosage for human allergies

cetirizine (Rx, OTC)

erdafitinib will increase the level or effect of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If coadministration unavoidable, separate administration by at least 6 hr before or after administration of P-gp substrates with narrow therapeutic index.

isocarboxazid increases effects of cetirizine by Other (see comment). Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Comment: Isocarboxazid should not be administered in combination with antihistamines because of potential additive CNS depressant effects. MAO inhibitors also prolong and intensify anticholinergic effects of antihistamines. .

lasmiditan increases levels of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug.

cetirizine, metoclopramide intranasal. Either increases effects of the other by Other (see comment). Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Comment: Avoid use of metoclopramide intranasal or interacting drug, depending on importance of drug to patient.

sotorasib will decrease the level or effect of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If use is unavoidable, refer to the prescribing information of the P-gp substrate for dosage modifications.

tepotinib will increase the level or effect of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If concomitant use unavoidable, reduce the P-gp substrate dosage if recommended in its approved product labeling.

tranylcypromine increases effects of cetirizine by Other (see comment). Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Comment: Tranylcypromine should not be administered in combination with antihistamines because of potential additive CNS depressant effects. MAO inhibitors also prolong and intensify anticholinergic effects of antihistamines.

Monitor Closely (29)
  • amifampridine

cetirizine increases toxicity of amifampridine by Other (see comment). Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Comment: Amifampridine can cause seizures. Coadministration with drugs that lower seizure threshold may increase this risk.

azithromycin will increase the level or effect of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Use Caution/Monitor.

berotralstat will increase the level or effect of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Use Caution/Monitor. Monitor or titrate P-gp substrate dose if coadministered.

bosutinib increases levels of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Use Caution/Monitor.

cenobamate, cetirizine. Either increases effects of the other by sedation. Use Caution/Monitor.

cetirizine, clobazam. Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Concomitant administration can increase the potential for CNS effects (e.g., increased sedation or respiratory depression).

crizotinib increases levels of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Use Caution/Monitor.

cetirizine and daridorexant both increase sedation. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration increases risk of CNS depression, which can lead to additive impairment of psychomotor performance and cause daytime impairment.

diazepam intranasal, cetirizine. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration may potentiate the CNS-depressant effects of each drug.

elagolix will increase the level or effect of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Use Caution/Monitor.

eliglustat increases levels of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Monitor therapeutic drug concentrations, as indicated, or consider reducing the dosage of the P-gp substrate and titrate to clinical effect.

esketamine intranasal, cetirizine. Either increases toxicity of the other by sedation. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

fostamatinib will increase the level or effect of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Use Caution/Monitor. Concomitant use of fostamatinib may increase concentrations of P-gp substrates. Monitor for toxicities of the P-gp substrate drug that may require dosage reduction when given concurrently with fostamatinib.

gabapentin, cetirizine. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of CNS depressants can result in serious, life-threatening, and fatal respiratory depression. Use lowest dose possible and monitor for respiratory depression and sedation.

gabapentin enacarbil, cetirizine. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of CNS depressants can result in serious, life-threatening, and fatal respiratory depression. Use lowest dose possible and monitor for respiratory depression and sedation.

glecaprevir/pibrentasvir will increase the level or effect of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Use Caution/Monitor.

cetirizine decreases effects of hyaluronidase by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Antihistamines, when given in large systemic doses, may render tissues partially resistant to the action of hyaluronidase. Patients may require larger amounts of hyaluronidase for equivalent dispersing effect. .

istradefylline will increase the level or effect of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Use Caution/Monitor. Istradefylline 40 mg/day increased peak levels and AUC of P-gp substrates in clinical trials. Consider dose reduction of sensitive P-gp substrates.

lomitapide increases levels of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Consider reducing dose when used concomitantly with lomitapide.

lurasidone, cetirizine. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Potential for increased CNS depressant effects when used concurrently; monitor for increased adverse effects and toxicity.

midazolam intranasal, cetirizine. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Concomitant use of barbiturates, alcohol, or other CNS depressants may increase the risk of hypoventilation, airway obstruction, desaturation, or apnea and may contribute to profound and/or prolonged drug effect.

phenelzine increases effects of cetirizine by Other (see comment). Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Comment: Coadministration of phenelzine and antihistamines may result in additive CNS depressant effects. MAO inhibitors also prolong and intensify anticholinergic effects of antihistamines. .

ponatinib increases levels of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Use Caution/Monitor.

pregabalin, cetirizine. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of CNS depressants can result in serious, life-threatening, and fatal respiratory depression. Use lowest dose possible and monitor for respiratory depression and sedation.

ritonavir increases levels of cetirizine by decreasing metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

sarecycline will increase the level or effect of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Use Caution/Monitor. Monitor for toxicities of P-gp substrates that may require dosage reduction when coadministered with P-gp inhibitors.

stiripentol will increase the level or effect of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Consider reducing the dose of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) substrates, if adverse reactions are experienced when administered concomitantly with stiripentol.

stiripentol, cetirizine. Either increases effects of the other by sedation. Use Caution/Monitor. Concurrent use of medications with CNS depressant effects together with thalidomide should be avoided due to the risk for additive sedative effects.

tucatinib will increase the level or effect of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider reducing the dosage of P-gp substrates, where minimal concentration changes may lead to serious or life-threatening toxicities.

vemurafenib increases levels of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Use Caution/Monitor.

Minor (1)
  • theophylline

theophylline increases levels of cetirizine by decreasing elimination. Minor/Significance Unknown.

  • amifampridine

Monitor Closely (1) cetirizine increases toxicity of amifampridine by Other (see comment). Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Comment: Amifampridine can cause seizures. Coadministration with drugs that lower seizure threshold may increase this risk.

Monitor Closely (1) azithromycin will increase the level or effect of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Use Caution/Monitor.

Monitor Closely (1) berotralstat will increase the level or effect of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Use Caution/Monitor. Monitor or titrate P-gp substrate dose if coadministered.

Monitor Closely (1) bosutinib increases levels of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Use Caution/Monitor.

Monitor Closely (1) cenobamate, cetirizine. Either increases effects of the other by sedation. Use Caution/Monitor.

Monitor Closely (1) cetirizine, clobazam. Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Concomitant administration can increase the potential for CNS effects (e.g., increased sedation or respiratory depression).

Monitor Closely (1) crizotinib increases levels of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Use Caution/Monitor.

Monitor Closely (1) cetirizine and daridorexant both increase sedation. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration increases risk of CNS depression, which can lead to additive impairment of psychomotor performance and cause daytime impairment.

Monitor Closely (1) diazepam intranasal, cetirizine. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Use Caution/Monitor. Coadministration may potentiate the CNS-depressant effects of each drug.

Monitor Closely (1) elagolix will increase the level or effect of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Use Caution/Monitor.

Monitor Closely (1) eliglustat increases levels of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Monitor therapeutic drug concentrations, as indicated, or consider reducing the dosage of the P-gp substrate and titrate to clinical effect.

Serious – Use Alternative (1) erdafitinib will increase the level or effect of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If coadministration unavoidable, separate administration by at least 6 hr before or after administration of P-gp substrates with narrow therapeutic index.

Monitor Closely (1) esketamine intranasal, cetirizine. Either increases toxicity of the other by sedation. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely.

Monitor Closely (1) fostamatinib will increase the level or effect of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Use Caution/Monitor. Concomitant use of fostamatinib may increase concentrations of P-gp substrates. Monitor for toxicities of the P-gp substrate drug that may require dosage reduction when given concurrently with fostamatinib.

Monitor Closely (1) gabapentin, cetirizine. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of CNS depressants can result in serious, life-threatening, and fatal respiratory depression. Use lowest dose possible and monitor for respiratory depression and sedation.

Monitor Closely (1) gabapentin enacarbil, cetirizine. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of CNS depressants can result in serious, life-threatening, and fatal respiratory depression. Use lowest dose possible and monitor for respiratory depression and sedation.

Monitor Closely (1) glecaprevir/pibrentasvir will increase the level or effect of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Use Caution/Monitor.

Monitor Closely (1) cetirizine decreases effects of hyaluronidase by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Antihistamines, when given in large systemic doses, may render tissues partially resistant to the action of hyaluronidase. Patients may require larger amounts of hyaluronidase for equivalent dispersing effect. .

Serious – Use Alternative (1) isocarboxazid increases effects of cetirizine by Other (see comment). Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Comment: Isocarboxazid should not be administered in combination with antihistamines because of potential additive CNS depressant effects. MAO inhibitors also prolong and intensify anticholinergic effects of antihistamines. .

Monitor Closely (1) istradefylline will increase the level or effect of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Use Caution/Monitor. Istradefylline 40 mg/day increased peak levels and AUC of P-gp substrates in clinical trials. Consider dose reduction of sensitive P-gp substrates.

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Serious – Use Alternative (1) lasmiditan increases levels of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug.

Monitor Closely (1) lomitapide increases levels of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Consider reducing dose when used concomitantly with lomitapide.

Monitor Closely (1) lurasidone, cetirizine. Either increases toxicity of the other by Other (see comment). Use Caution/Monitor. Comment: Potential for increased CNS depressant effects when used concurrently; monitor for increased adverse effects and toxicity.

Serious – Use Alternative (1) cetirizine, metoclopramide intranasal. Either increases effects of the other by Other (see comment). Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Comment: Avoid use of metoclopramide intranasal or interacting drug, depending on importance of drug to patient.

Monitor Closely (1) midazolam intranasal, cetirizine. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Concomitant use of barbiturates, alcohol, or other CNS depressants may increase the risk of hypoventilation, airway obstruction, desaturation, or apnea and may contribute to profound and/or prolonged drug effect.

Monitor Closely (1) phenelzine increases effects of cetirizine by Other (see comment). Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Comment: Coadministration of phenelzine and antihistamines may result in additive CNS depressant effects. MAO inhibitors also prolong and intensify anticholinergic effects of antihistamines. .

Monitor Closely (1) ponatinib increases levels of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Use Caution/Monitor.

Monitor Closely (1) pregabalin, cetirizine. Either increases effects of the other by pharmacodynamic synergism. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Coadministration of CNS depressants can result in serious, life-threatening, and fatal respiratory depression. Use lowest dose possible and monitor for respiratory depression and sedation.

Monitor Closely (1) ritonavir increases levels of cetirizine by decreasing metabolism. Use Caution/Monitor.

Monitor Closely (1) sarecycline will increase the level or effect of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Use Caution/Monitor. Monitor for toxicities of P-gp substrates that may require dosage reduction when coadministered with P-gp inhibitors.

Serious – Use Alternative (1) sotorasib will decrease the level or effect of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If use is unavoidable, refer to the prescribing information of the P-gp substrate for dosage modifications.

Monitor Closely (2) stiripentol, cetirizine. Either increases effects of the other by sedation. Use Caution/Monitor. Concurrent use of medications with CNS depressant effects together with thalidomide should be avoided due to the risk for additive sedative effects.

stiripentol will increase the level or effect of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Modify Therapy/Monitor Closely. Consider reducing the dose of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) substrates, if adverse reactions are experienced when administered concomitantly with stiripentol.

Serious – Use Alternative (1) tepotinib will increase the level or effect of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. If concomitant use unavoidable, reduce the P-gp substrate dosage if recommended in its approved product labeling.

Minor (1) theophylline increases levels of cetirizine by decreasing elimination. Minor/Significance Unknown.

Serious – Use Alternative (1) tranylcypromine increases effects of cetirizine by Other (see comment). Avoid or Use Alternate Drug. Comment: Tranylcypromine should not be administered in combination with antihistamines because of potential additive CNS depressant effects. MAO inhibitors also prolong and intensify anticholinergic effects of antihistamines.

Monitor Closely (1) tucatinib will increase the level or effect of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Use Caution/Monitor. Consider reducing the dosage of P-gp substrates, where minimal concentration changes may lead to serious or life-threatening toxicities.

Monitor Closely (1) vemurafenib increases levels of cetirizine by P-glycoprotein (MDR1) efflux transporter. Use Caution/Monitor.

Adverse Effects

24 hr (suppression of skin wheal and flare reactions) (PO)

Effects of food
  • No effect on the extent of cetirizine exposure (AUC) but peak plasma time was delayed by 1.7 hr and peak plasma concentration was decreased by 23% in the presence of food when cetirizine hydrochloride was administered orally

Distribution

Protein bound: 93%

Metabolism

Metabolized to a limited extent by oxidative O-dealkylation to a metabolite with negligible antihistaminic activity

Enzyme or enzymes responsible for this metabolism have not been identified

Elimination

Excretion: Urine (70% [50% unchanged]); feces (10%)

Administration

IV Administration

Administer as an IV push over 1-2 minutes

Oral Administration

May take with or without food

Storage

All formulations

Store at 20-25ºC (68-77ºF), excursions permitted to 15-30ºC (59-86ºF)

Images

BRAND FORM. UNIT PRICE PILL IMAGE
Children’s Cetirizine oral

Copyright © 2010 First DataBank, Inc.

Patient Handout

COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Zyrtec

USES: Cetirizine is an antihistamine used to relieve allergy symptoms such as watery eyes, runny nose, itching eyes/nose, sneezing, hives, and itching. It works by blocking a certain natural substance (histamine) that your body makes during an allergic reaction.Cetirizine does not prevent hives or prevent/treat a serious allergic reaction (such as anaphylaxis). If your doctor has prescribed epinephrine to treat allergic reactions, always carry your epinephrine injector with you. Do not use cetirizine in place of your epinephrine.

HOW TO USE: If you are taking the over-the-counter product to self-treat, read all directions on the product package before taking this medication. If you have any questions, consult your pharmacist. If your doctor has prescribed this medication, take it as directed, usually once daily.If you are using the chewable tablets, chew each tablet well and swallow. If you are using the rapidly-dissolving tablet, allow the tablet to dissolve on the tongue and then swallow, with or without water. If you are using the liquid form of this medication, measure the dose carefully using a special measuring device/spoon. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the correct dose.The dosage is based on your age, medical condition, and response to treatment. Do not increase your dose or take this medication more often than directed.Tell your doctor if your allergy symptoms do not improve, if your hives do not improve after 3 days of treatment, or if your hives last more than 6 weeks. Get medical help right away if your condition worsens or if you think you have a serious medical problem (such as a very serious allergic reaction/anaphylaxis).

SIDE EFFECTS: Drowsiness, tiredness, and dry mouth may occur. Stomach pain may also occur, especially in children. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.If your doctor has prescribed this medication, remember that your doctor has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: difficulty urinating, weakness.A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.In the US -Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.In Canada – Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.

PRECAUTIONS: Before taking cetirizine, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to hydroxyzine; or to levocetirizine; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: difficulty urinating (such as due to an enlarged prostate), kidney disease, liver disease.If you are using this medication to treat hives, tell your doctor right away if you have any of these other symptoms because they may be signs of a more serious condition: hives that are an unusual color, hives that look bruised or blistered, hives that do not itch.This drug may make you drowsy. Alcohol or marijuana (cannabis) can make you more drowsy. Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs alertness until you can do it safely. Avoid alcoholic beverages. Talk to your doctor if you are using marijuana (cannabis).Liquid products may contain sugar. Caution is advised if you have diabetes. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about using this product safely.Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.This medication passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

DRUG INTERACTIONS: Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor’s approval.Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking other products that cause drowsiness such as opioid pain or cough relievers (such as codeine, hydrocodone), alcohol, marijuana (cannabis), drugs for sleep or anxiety (such as alprazolam, lorazepam, zolpidem), muscle relaxants (such as carisoprodol, cyclobenzaprine), or other antihistamines (such as chlorpheniramine, diphenhydramine).Check the labels on all your medicines (such as allergy or cough-and-cold products) because they may contain ingredients that cause drowsiness. Ask your pharmacist about using those products safely.Do not use with any other antihistamines applied to the skin (such as diphenhydramine cream, ointment, spray) because increased side effects may occur.Cetirizine is very similar to hydroxyzine and levocetirizine. Do not use these medications while using cetirizine.This medication may interfere with certain laboratory tests (including allergy skin testing), possibly causing false test results. Make sure laboratory personnel and all your doctors know you use this drug.

OVERDOSE: If someone has overdosed and has serious symptoms such as passing out or trouble breathing, call 911. Otherwise, call a poison control center right away. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: severe drowsiness. In children, mental/mood changes (such as restlessness, irritability) may occur before drowsiness.

NOTES: Keep all regular medical and laboratory appointments.

MISSED DOSE: If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose. Take your next dose at the regular time. Do not double the dose to catch up.

STORAGE: Store at room temperature away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Different brands of this medication may have different storage needs. Check the product package for instructions on how to store your brand, or ask your pharmacist. Keep all medications away from children and pets.Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company.

Information last revised August 2021. Copyright(c) 2022 First Databank, Inc.

IMPORTANT: HOW TO USE THIS INFORMATION: This is a summary and does NOT have all possible information about this product. This information does not assure that this product is safe, effective, or appropriate for you. This information is not individual medical advice and does not substitute for the advice of your health care professional. Always ask your health care professional for complete information about this product and your specific health needs.

Can CBD Oil Help My Dog’s Sneezing?

Indoor and outdoor allergens can cause dogs to sneeze. Dust mites, cigarette smoke, house plants, pesticides, nasal mites, tumors of the nose, as well as lung and airways disorders may also contribute to sneezing.

If your dog is sneezing more than usual, this should be recognized and addressed immediately. Here’s what you need to know about why your dog sneezes excessively, and how CBD as a natural supplement may be beneficial.

CBD is a supplement/ and or vitamin that is beneficial to dogs of all ages, and is best used throughout a dog’s lifespan because of its anti-inflammatory, immune system and neuron-protectant benefits to pets and people.

CBD can be taken as a daily supplement throughout a dog’s life, and it should not be confused for use as a medicine or drug for elderly or sick pets only.

What causes dog sneezing?

Humans and dogs sneeze. It’s actually common, but if your furry best friend starts sneezing excessively, it’s best to consider the most common causes of allergies like cleaning products, dog food, environmental and seasonal allergies. If your dog is having a difficult time breathing in between sneezing, and his tongue turns blue, you’ll need to visit your veterinarian right away.

While some illnesses can cause a dog to sneeze, the most common cause is allergies. Dog allergies come with more diverse symptoms than humans do, ranging from itching to sneezing to inflammation of the skin. Symptoms may include the following:

  • Itching and gnawing on their skin
  • Rubbing body against things to scratch
  • Hair loss, sores, and “hot spots”
  • Sneezing
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea

The most common causes of allergies

Allergies come from environmental allergies from dust, pollen, flea bites, mites, and dust can cause multiple symptoms, including sneezing, and are usually seasonal, while food allergies are the second type, but the symptoms are very similar.

Dogs and people can be allergic to various substances. They can be in plant particles, as well as in dog food or in the air. All these substances are called allergens. When a dog inhales or absorbs an allergen through his skin, respiratory tract, and/or gastrointestinal tract, histamine production is stimulated, which causes inflammation. That’s where cannabidiol comes into play, and reduces the inflammation.

Dog allergies come with more diverse symptoms than human allergies; ranging from itching, sneezing, to inflammation of the skin . Today, pet parents are concerned about their dog’s exposure to certain chemicals, and are opting for natural cleaning products, reading dog food labels, and staying away from chemical scents in their homes that could contribute to their dog’s excessive sneezing. There is also a resurgence of interest in natural flea and tick collars and pet products with consumers looking for natural alternatives.

Airborne allergies

With less than 10% of dogs genetically predisposed to a sensitivity to allergens, it only makes sense that pet parents should do their best to prevent their dogs from coming into contact with these allergens. Breeds that are most sensitive include the following:

  • Boston Terrier
  • Boxers
  • Dalmatians
  • Chinese Shar- Peis
  • Wirehaired Fox Terriers
  • Labrador Retrievers
  • Scottish Terriers
  • West Highland White Terriers
  • Lhasa Apsos
  • Shih Tzus

Food allergies

Signs of food allergies in dogs look similar to airborne allergies with plenty of sneezing and itching. With no diagnostic test available, you’ll have to work with your vet and eliminate certain ingredients from your dog’s diet. The elimination diet or hypoallergenic diet needs to still contain a balanced formula, and should not contain any of the dog food ingredients from the previously fed formula.

Trial diets can last for up to 3 months, but if an allergy symptom occurs during that trial diet, you’ll need to confirm that a food allergy exists. After the allergens are identified, dogs need to avoid those specific ingredients to control the food allergy. Dogs are often allergic to the following foods.

  • Eggs
  • Chicken
  • Beef
  • Wheat
  • Soy
  • Milk

Identifying an allergy

Allergies in dogs that cause excessive sneezing can be identified when other causes have been eliminated like dog food, flea and tick products, and so forth. Your vet will run some allergy tests to identify the allergen, and to come up with a specific immunotherapy treatment plan for your pooch.

Therapeutic treatment for sneezing in dogs

If your dog is sneezing excessively, and the allergy has been identified, you’ll have a few options.

  • Make sure that your dog is not near the offending allergen
  • Controlling the sneezing and the other signs of allergies like itching with an allergy vaccine
  • Consult with your vet frequently, so that progress evaluations can take place and treatment plans adjusted for optimal benefit.

Immunotherapy

This helps to increase a dog’s tolerance to the specific allergen. Vaccine preps helps with the selection of certain allergens for a particular dog. This allergen selection matches the test results with the prominent allergens during a specific time of year.

Immunotherapy is great for dogs that have problematic symptoms that occur for a few months each year. Sometimes, you may have to administer the injections at home, and your vet will teach you how to do so. Vets will determine the dosage and frequency of allergy injections with allergy treatments lasting up to a few months.

Some dogs may not show any improvement for up to 6 months and treatment needs to continue. Allergy shots together with anti-itch meds and antibiotics may be required during the initial phase of treating your dog.

Dog flu

Although this is not common, canine influenza is a contagious viral infection that affects dogs. Canine flu results in an acute respiratory infection, with infections occurring sporadically throughout the year.

Symptoms occur one to five days after exposure, and often seem like “kennel cough.” It may last for a few weeks, and may be transmitted to other dogs via droplets/aerosols that contain secretions after a cough, bark or sneeze. A dog that is down with dog flu may show the following symptoms:

  • Sneezing
  • High grade fever
  • Nasal discharge
  • Eye discharge
  • Course coughing
  • Dogs may also show signs of a secondary bacterial infection like pneumonia with an increased respiratory rate and effort.

Testing by your veterinarian to diagnose canine influenza may be in the form of a nasal swab, and your vet may start treatment prior to getting test results back. Treatment, though supportive, with fluids and antibiotics is needed, and may be combined with holistic treatments like CBD to support the immune system. Making sure that your furry best friend has a healthy immune system will help to protect him from catching canine flu. With the correct veterinary treatment, most dogs pull through.

Play sneezing

Usually caused by excitement, your dog will sneeze when he’s excited to see you. If your dog has been exercising vigorously, or is just overjoyed at seeing your back home, he may also sneeze a few times. After active playing, dogs will expel air through their nose forcefully, causing them to sneeze.

Reverse sneezing in dogs

If your furry best friend is in distress, visit your emergency veterinarian right away. Sometimes sneezing may be due to an underlying medical condition. Reverse sneezing tends to occur in brachycephalic small dog breeds because they have shortened muzzles, but is also common in other dog breeds.

With reverse sneezing your dog will stand his head and neck up and withdrawn lips and forcefully inhale through their nostrils resulting with an unusual choking sound. When this happens you can briefly close the nostrils gently, and massage the dog’s throat. Keep in mind that your vet will need to rule out other health issues related to reverse sneezing.

How to help your dog stay calm during an excessive sneezing attack?

That said, if your furry best friend is having a hard time, and you need to calm him down, here’s what to do:

  • Hold him gently, and get him to sit by your side.
  • Gently rub his throat so that he’ll automatically swallow, allowing for sneezing to cease.
  • If your dog is anxious because of sneezing, opt for homeopathic options like a full-spectrum hemp oil for pets to calm him.

What is CBD oil for pets?

CBD is a supplement/ and or vitamin that is beneficial to dogs of all ages and is best used throughout a dog’s lifespan because of its anti-inflammatory, immune system and neuro-protectant benefits to pets and people.

CBD can be taken as a daily supplement throughout a dog’s life, and it should not be confused for use as a medicine or drug for elderly or sick pets only. Every CBD pet brand is different, and pet parents need to do their research, possibly together with an integrative vet to see which brand is best for their pet.

CBD oil is one of the 104 chemical compounds from cannabinoids found in cannabis. With no “high effect” that comes from regular marijuana, CBD has been found to be beneficial for numerous health conditions and ailments. It also has no dependence potential.

According to a recent report from the World Health Organization, CBD is safe. CBD is a non- psychoactive cannabinoid that offers both therapeutic and medicinal purposes for humans and pets. CBD is natural, safe, and is derived from hemp and cannabis. Most CBD pet treats will use CBD from hemp.

The World Health Organization (WHO) adds that “ In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential…. To date, there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD. The range of conditions for which CBD has been assessed is diverse, consistent with its neuroprotective, antiepileptic, hypoxia-ischemia, anxiolytic, antipsychotic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-asthmatic, and antitumor properties,” via Harvard Health Blog.

CBD has healing properties for skin infections in dogs that suffer from food allergies

CBD for dogs has been shown to have healing benefits for dogs with inflammation. Research proves that “ Cannabinoids are a group of compounds that mediate their effects through cannabinoid receptors.

Cannabinoid receptors include CB1, which is predominantly expressed in the brain, and CB2, which is primarily found on the cells of the immune system. The fact that both CB1 and CB2 receptors have been found on immune cells suggests that cannabinoids play an important role in the regulation of the immune system, “via NCB1.

“Cannabinoids have exhibited significant potential to be used as novel anti-inflammatory agents and specific targeting of CB2 receptors holds the promise of mediating immunosuppressive effects without exerting psychotropic side effects.”

CBD for healthy coat and skin in dogs with dermatitis

  • CBD helps with doggie odor and may help to clear up skin infections
  • CBD may help to control flea allergies and dermatitis in dogs while controlling the itch, and minimizing pain.
  • CBD may help to control yeast and fungal infections in dogs
  • Cannabidiol oil when combined with coconut oil may also be beneficial when applied topically to a dog’s itchy skin.
  • CBD may help to soothe insect bites, hot spots, and eczema in dogs.

CBD dog treats for sneezing

Dogs enjoy gourmet flavored CBD dog treats with super soft options for senior dogs and small breeds. Safe, high-quality, organic, non-GMO, and USA sourced, CBD pet treats are loaded with health benefits. This is because CBD may help pets with the following health conditions:

  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Side effects of chemotherapy and radiation
  • Chronic pain
  • Seizures and tremors
  • Cardiac health
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Cancer
  • General aches and pain
  • Arthritis
  • Fear
  • Skin irritations like hot spots from allergies
  • Skin tumors

What to opt for when buying CBD dog treats?

  • Hemp CBD should be 100% food grade
  • Should be made using CO2 extraction
  • No solvents like butane
  • Full spectrum lab testing by a third party for purity and potency
  • Lab certificates available for pet owners to examine prior to a purchase
  • Pesticide and herbicide free (NO GLYPHOSATE)
  • Made with non-GMO hemp
  • Grain-free functional chews may be a good option for dogs with allergies.
  • Natural flavors like pumpkin, turkey, sweet potato, blueberry, peanut butter

What to opt for when buying CBD pet tinctures?

There are so many CBD pet tinctures promising pain relief and optimal immune health, yet looking for a full-spectrum of phytocannabinoids with terpenes and flavonoids may be difficult. Finding a high-quality CBD pet product with additional compounds found in hemp plants that are beneficial to pet health may take time.

Here are some tips on how to make sure that the CBD that you’re purchasing your dog is safe, non-toxic, and produces the required effect.

  • Purchase only THC-free products
  • Opt for organic and USDA certified hemp
  • CBD treats may be more appropriate for anxiety and depression
  • CBD tinctures may be more potent and geared towards chronic illnesses or conditions
  • Purity and consistency in CBD oils are important
  • Full-spectrum combined with CBG , CBN, and CBDA all work together in benefiting pain, anxiety, reducing tumor growth, and helping with skin allergies and hot spots, and more.
  • CBD oil should be derived from non-GMO hemp and should have no contaminants, herbicides or pesticides.
  • All CBD products that you purchase for your dog must have a Certificate of Inspection (COA) to confirm quality and purity.
  • A CBD liquid will have a faster effect than an edible which will need to be digested first.

CBD dosage for dogs that are anxious

Pet parents will need to calculate the correct CBD starting dosage with their veterinarians. This is done by weighing your dog in kilograms, and choosing the right hemp concentration for maximum efficacy. The dosage is divided into a few daily doses, with the lowest dosage at 0.05mg/kg/day, and then increasing from there with your veterinarian’s approval.

Contraindications of CBD pet products with other pet meds

Cannabidiol may have the potential to inhibit CYP (cytochrome P450) enzymes that metabolize all medications. This means that you will need to discuss CBD oil use with your veterinarian first, because it may raise or lower the anti-convulsant pharmaceutical potency, by delaying when it’s metabolized.

CBD oil for sneezing dogs

Cannabinoid oil extracted from hemp, and that is non- psychoactive will not get your dog high. CBD interacts with nodes in the nervous system to create a variety of calming effects and treat severe allergic symptoms. It is also used to treat anxiety, stress, loss of appetite, vomiting, and is even thought to fight against cancer.

CBD oil-based pet products for dogs work to reduce anxiety and promote immune health. Full-spectrum hemp oil with added cannabinoids like CBG, CBN, and CBDA work together to help reduce and diminish anxiety, pain, reduce bacteria, promote skin health, treat hot posts, and also offer an array of positive results for dogs.

There are also specific CBD pet products that are made specifically for autoimmune diseases, seizures, and tumors while other CBD pet products may be geared specifically for aches and pains. CBD salves for pets are also beneficial in treating skin irritations in dogs, as are CBD food toppers with coconut oil.

How to use CBD oil to treat dog sneezing?

If your dog is constantly sneezing, he’s probably having an allergic reaction. You’ll need to visit a veterinarian to help determine the cause of the sneezing, and see if it’s related to an illness or an allergic reaction.

Full-spectrum CBD oil can provide instant relief by interacting with your dog’s endocannabinoid system, and will treat the entire dog by promoting well-being and optimal health with no side effects. Consult with your veterinarian as to which CBD pet products are best for your furry best friend.

CBD tinctures, treats, capsules, transdermal patches or CBD chews for dogs will have varying potencies and dosages. Understanding how supplements like cannabidiol work will help your dog live a long and healthy life. Supplementation via a broad spectrum CBD oil to help your dog with allergies and sneezing issues allows for the added benefits of cannabinoids and terpenes.

THC is toxic to pets

THC is toxic to pets; it’s recommended that all CBD pet products be THC- free because THC accumulates in the body. Purchasing a broad -spectrum hemp oil or CBD isolate helps to avoid accidents in case your dog sneaks into a bag of full-spectrum hemp oil treats which would be dangerous. Understanding more about the CBD pet products that you administer to your furry best friend allows for optimal safety.

A high-quality CBD oil will have very little to no THC at all. Veterinary approved CBD oils will usually have no THC in their pet products. This means that there is no psychotropic effect. Pet parents need to ensure that there is no THC in their CBD pet products because THC does the following:

  • Binds to responsive receptors in a dog’s brain
  • Leads to a dangerous “high”

Pet parents should opt for high-quality CBD pet brands that only contain phytocannabinoids derived from locally sourced hemp in the US. The CBD brands should be manufactured in the US, and a Certificate of Analysis (COA) be available for each product.

If your pooch suffers from allergies and gets anxious during allergy season, CBD may be a good option to help him relax. Additionally, there are times when a combination of holistic together with traditional therapies work best to treat your furry best friend’s health. Also, keeping your dog fit, happy, and healthy is key to optimal health, combined with supplementing with a CBD product each day, because of its anti-inflammatory, immune system and neuro-protectant benefits to dogs.

Using CBD for pets in managing pain and stress will also minimize the use of traditional drugs that may have long-term side effects. With the spreading popularity of cannabidiol (CBD) and hemp products, it’s up to you to research and discuss treatment options with your vet, to see what works best for your furry best friend. Understanding that it’s not okay to use any CBD on your pet is just as important.

David Louvet, CEO of Innovet Pet, a Gardena, Calif.-based pet CBD product manufacturer, said he is most concerned by claims that any CBD is fine to use, and adds that “More often than not, when tests are performed on different CBD brands, their CBD products contain way too little CBD, and illegal and potentially dangerous amounts of THC,” he said. “Often, they use extraction processes that strip the terpenes and other beneficial compounds away, weakening potency and efficacy across the board. When buying CBD, if you can’t find the lab results or certificate of analysis that breaks down what’s in a CBD product, then run away,” via Pet Product News.

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