Melatonin for Dogs: Safe Uses and Latest Natural Alternative
If you’ve ever had issues sleeping, you’ve likely come across melatonin. It’s a popular all-natural supplement used for treating insomnia. Many animals naturally produce melatonin to regulate their sleep.
But better sleep at night isn’t the only thing that melatonin helps with. From improving mood to treating Cushing’s Disease to helping with hair loss, melatonin is a pretty nifty little chemical compound that may treat dogs that suffer from a wide range of medical conditions.
Check out our awesome guide below for everything you need about melatonin for dogs.
What is Melatonin and How Does it Work?
Melatonin is a naturally occurring hormone produced in the pineal gland that’s located in the middle of the brain. All mammals produce melatonin, and it helps our bodies with the sleep-wake cycle by telling us when we should be tired and when we shouldn’t.
Once night starts rolling around, the pineal gland will start producing the naturally occurring hormone thanks to signals the brain sends to it. As you can guess, once the morning sun pops up, the brain stops signaling to the pineal gland and melatonin production greatly slows down – causing your body to feel more awake.
Melatonin is key to sleep, and when melatonin production is disrupted, you’ll find that you may not fall asleep or stay asleep for enough hours. Most dogs need at least 10 hours of sleep, and just like us, not getting sleep will make them sick.
We all know how awful we feel when we don’t sleep well at night. We can become angry, irritable, stressed, and anxious, and feel too weak to fight these nasties away.
Just as it happens in humans, all of this may happen to your canine.
What Are the Uses of Melatonin for Dogs?
Because both us and our pups produce melatonin in our bodies, it’s safe to give melatonin to your dog, and the supplement may help them in the same way it helps us through several medical conditions and cognitive disorders.
Cushing’s Disease affects both humans and dogs and can cause weight gain, fatty deposits around the midsection, and thin skin that easily bruises. It’s caused by pituitary tumors called adenoma. While not cancerous, these tumors create a hormonal imbalance by causing the pituitary gland to release too much ACTH which stimulates the production of cortisol.
Cortisol, better known as the stress hormone, is incredibly stressful on the body, and chronic production results in muscle weakness, diabetes, along with the issues mentioned above. We can secrete cortisol anywhere from eating different food to having a tough day.
There are conventional treatment options for treating Cushing’s Disease, but some dogs may experience side effects. This is why some pet owners may be interested in using melatonin supplements along with flaxseed lignans as they are used to treat high cortisol levels without causing side effects.
Both melatonin and lignans inhibit different enzymes used in cortisol production. They also target adrenal tumor cells allowing them to treat all forms of Cushing’s Disease.
General Anxiety and Separation Anxiety
Dogs and anxiety go together like kids and candy. Whether it’s fireworks, thunderstorms, you leaving the house, or the neighbor’s dogs, it seems like there is always something that freaks out every dog.
Anxiety melatonin supplements may also help keep your dog calm without sedating them as some anxiety meds do. Mix in a supplement with their favorite food and your pup can say goodbye to that increased heart rate.
Melatonin supplements may be used to treat and support dogs struggling with insomnia and improve cognitive function regardless of whether they have low melatonin levels. If they aren’t deficient, the extra melatonin will still promote tiredness.
If your dog is deficient in melatonin, then supplementing it may help regulate their circadian rhythm – the natural 24hr sleep-wake cycle.
Hair Loss and Alopecia
If you notice that your dog is losing too much body hair during certain times of the year or you see thin hair and patches, melatonin can help. Alopecia is hair loss that isn’t allergy-related. Scientists aren’t sure just how it works – yet – but studies show that melatonin can assist dogs who suffer from alopecia to regain their hair.
Is Melatonin Safe for Dogs?
Because most animals naturally produce melatonin, giving it to your dog is completely safe and comes with few side effects. Now, there are a few things you’ll watch out for, however.
First, if you are thinking about using melatonin to treat a medical condition such as Cushing’s Disease then talk to your veterinarian. They will help you determine what the best approach is for treating the disease. A trusted veterinarian will support you and answer any questions.
Second, you always want to make sure you are giving your dog the appropriate dosage based on their weight and age. Always be sure to give their dose with food to prevent digestive problems or stomach aches.
Potential Melatonin Side Effects to Look Out For!
The most common side effects are drowsiness and fatigue. If you notice that your dog is slowly getting up in the morning, then you may want to reduce its dosage.
Watch out when giving it to dogs that are diabetic as melatonin may cause insulin resistance and other side effects.
Make sure the melatonin does not contain xylitol as it is toxic to dogs. As well, there is always a small chance your dog could have an allergic reaction so look for any sign of a reaction the first few times after administering.
Last, people have reported that their dreams are more intense when taking melatonin. It’s likely that this extends to dogs as well.
Dogs That Shouldn’t Take Melatonin
There are two cases where you want to be careful giving melatonin to your dog. First, the use of melatonin may not be appropriate for dogs that are diabetic as it can increase insulin resistance.
To search for more information, we found a 1999 study published out of the University College London that showed that melatonin decreased levels of sex hormones in both male and female dogs. As such, you may not want to give your dog melatonin if they are currently being used for breeding. You’ll want to talk to your veterinarian about giving pregnant dogs melatonin just to be sure.
What To Do When Your Dog Shows Negative Melatonin Effects
Again, it extremely rare to see negative, but evidence shows melatonin may have some adverse effects. If you notice a sign that all is not right, then immediately seek help from your vet and have them treated.
How Much Melatonin for Dogs?
After hearing about how awesome melatonin for dogs is, you’re probably wondering how much you should give them.
Again, it’s best to work with your vet when nailing down the correct dosage for your dog. While their weight will be one of the biggest factors, the medical condition you are using melatonin for will play a role.
In general, you can follow this guide:
- 9 pounds and under = 1 mg
- 10 to 25 pounds = 1.5 mg
- 26 to 100 pounds = 3 mg
- 100 and up = 3 to 6 mg
You can give this dosage 1 to 3 times a day with food to avoid any digestive complications.
For disorders like anxiety, depression, or phobias it’s common to only administer melatonin when treatment is needed.
For sleep-related issues, everyday use is generally recommended.
Alternative Solutions: Innovet Pet
If you’re on the search for stronger over-the-counter veterinary supplements with a low risk for treating anxiety then check out our CBD blog. Many pet owners are finding that CBD products can help their dogs with anxiety, pain, sleep, and epilepsy.
At Innovet Pet, we offer CBD veterinary supplements in several great forms from easy-to-use tinctures to yummy food that your pet simply can’t resist.
Using a CBD supplement in tandem with melatonin can extend its health benefits and better help dogs that struggle to sleep because of pain, old age, inflammation, etc. So if you’re looking to improve your pup’s health across the board, check out Innovet Pet’s great line of Hemp CBD products.
Melatonin Overdose in Dogs
As with most medications, if you notice an adverse reaction after giving melatonin to your dog, you will need to contact your vet right away. As well, make sure to keep a close eye on them the first few times they’re treated to make ensure they don’t have an allergic reaction to melatonin.
4 Tips on Buying Melatonin for Your Dog!
- Make sure your melatonin doesn’t contain xylitol
- Buy from a trusted brand and make sure to check online reviews.
- When discussing how much melatonin you can give with your vet, ask them what brand they recommend.
- Look for melatonin formulated and approved for dogs.
Final Thoughts on How To Give Melatonin To Dogs
When used properly, melatonin helps your dog get a better night’s sleep and feel calmer throughout the day. When combined with another natural anxiety and sleep aid like CBD, there is a great chance that your dog won’t have to go on prescription medications that could have nasty side effects.
However, be sure to talk with your vet before trying any new health supplements.
For more great health tips and learning how to give your pets possible, make sure to check out our blog. We regularly update it so you can stay up to date with all that’s happening in the pet health world.
Will Melatonin Work Better On Dogs Than Cbd
While melatonin is generally a de novo hormone that is closely linked to our sleep cycle. Both of the elements have been proven as beneficial as sleeping aids. But melatonin is a better sleeping aid than CBD. CBD is better known for its protective and relaxing effect.
Can you give a dog melatonin and CBD together?
Try Melatonin with CBD for Dogs Combining CBD and melatonin makes for a powerful combination of wellness support like in our CBD Calming Oil for Dogs. Melatonin and CBD provide some of the same benefits for your dog – including the promotion of calm, comfort, and restful sleep.
What type of melatonin is best for dogs?
What is melatonin? Editor’s choice: K9 Choice Melatonin for Dogs. Runner up: Zesty Paws Calming Bites for Dogs. Customer’s choice: Pet Wellbeing Pet Melatonin. Best for car rides: Quiet Moments Calming Aid Dog Soft Chews. Best for sensitive stomach: Dr. Best for severe anxiety: Lignans For Life Melatonin Capsules.
How long does it take for melatonin to kick in for dogs?
Melatonin is a natural sleep aid that can also help dogs with separation anxiety and stress. For dosing, the recommendation is 1 mg of melatonin per 20 pounds your dog weighs. It takes about 30 minutes for the effects of melatonin to kick in.
Is melatonin like CBD?
Melatonin, unlike CBD infused oil, is a hormone your brain’s pineal gland produces that helps with sleep-wake cycle regulation. It doesn’t necessarily cause you to fall asleep, but rather it tells your brain and body it’s time for bed. These are actually two totally different brain processes.
Will melatonin calm a dog?
The sedative qualities in melatonin make it effective in calming down and soothing anxious dogs. Melatonin helps improve your pet’s mood and relieve your pet’s anxiety issues, including hyperactivity, restlessness, separation anxiety, and any kind of phobias like loud noises.
Can dogs overdose on melatonin?
Melatonin is commonly used as a sleep aid, and is sometimes used to treat certain hair disorders, cognitive dysfunction and separation anxiety in dogs, as well as sleep cycle disorders in dogs and cats. Generally, it is very safe, with lethargy and stomach upset being a potential issue in cases of overdose.
Does CBD melatonin work?
In fact, research has found that CBD works synergistically with melatonin, a naturally occurring hormone that tells the body it is time to sleep.
What can I use to knock my dog out?
Pre-Hospital Sedation Options for Aggressive and Anxious Dogs Drug Dose Gabapentin 10-20 mg/kg (upper end of dose in very hard to handle dogs, lower end of dose in geriatric patients) Melatonin By weight:<5 kg – 1 mg5-15 kg – 1.5 mg15-50 kg – 3 mg>50 kg – 5 mg Trazodone 5 mg/kg.
How long does it take for melatonin to work?
How Long Does It Take For Melatonin To Work? Melatonin supplements typically begin to kick in between 20 minutes and two hours after ingestion, which is why Buenaver suggests taking one to three milligrams two hours before bedtime.
What happens if a dog eats a melatonin gummy?
Your pet may have a slightly upset stomach, for example, and also show signs of sleepiness. Significant overdoses can produce much more serious symptoms and require an urgent response. Signs to keep an eye out for include vomiting and diarrhea, loss of coordination, high blood pressure, and even seizures.
What are the side effects of melatonin in dogs?
Side effects of melatonin in dogs, although rare, include: Changes in fertility. Gastric upset and stomach cramps. Increased heart rate. Itching. Confusion.
How much melatonin is too much?
Generally, an adult dose is thought to be between 1 and 10 mg. Doses near the 30 mg mark are usually considered to be harmful. However, people’s sensitivity to it can vary, making some more prone to side effects at lower doses than others. Taking too much melatonin for you can lead to unpleasant side effects.
What drugs should not be taken with CBD?
What Drugs Should Not Be Taken with CBD Angiotension II Blockers. Antiarrhythmics. Antibiotics. Antidepressants. Anticonvulsants / Anti-Seizure Medications. Antihistamines. Antipsychotics. Anesthetics.
What do vets give dogs to calm them down?
For moderate to severe anxiety, veterinarians turn to prescription anti-anxiety medications like alprazolam, amitriptyline, buspirone, clomipramine, dexmedetomidine, diazepam, fluoxetine, lorazepam, paroxetine, sertraline, or trazodone.
Does CBD help dogs calm down?
Recently, CBD has become a hot commodity not only for humans looking to relax but also for dogs. CBD can help your dog in the same way it potentially helps humans feel calm, enjoy relaxation, falls asleep, and decrease inflammation.
How can I sedate my dog at home?
Supplements, such as L-theanine, melatonin, Zylkene (hydrolyzed milk protein), or other calming supplements formulated for dogs. Pheromone products (DAP or dog appeasing pheromone), which emit calming dog scent signals. A Thundershirt or other body wrap, which can provide comfort by mimicking swaddling.
Will 5mg of melatonin hurt my dog?
According to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), melatonin is a safe supplement 10 to give to your dog. Melatonin has little risk for harmful side effects 11 .
What can I give my senior dog to sleep through the night?
The most common type of sleep medication given to pets is diazepam (Valium®), although longer acting benzodiazepines may be used (eg temazepam). The symptoms of cognitive dysfunction are sometimes treated with a drug called selegiline.
Can melatonin cause seizures in dogs?
Based on evidence from laboratory animals, melatonin may have an anticonvulsant effect and alter the threshold at which seizures may occur.
Is it okay to take CBD every night?
However, if you are taking some co-medications or using much higher amounts of CBD oil, you may experience some side effects such as lethargy or dry mouth. However, if you are not feeling any undesired effects and your body has become compatible with CBD oil, it’s okay to use it every night.
Is hemp oil the same as CBD oil?
The main difference between hemp oil vs CBD oil, is that hemp oil has little to no CBD content. Hemp Oil is made by cold-pressing the hemp seeds into an omega-rich culinary oil. CBD oil is made by extracting the compound CBD from the leaves, flowers and stalks of a hemp plant.