best cbd oil for making edibles

How to Make Cannabis Oil at Home

Making your own cannabis oil at home is easy if you know a few tricks. Learn how to make canna oil in your kitchen with our complete recipe and step-by-step guide.

DIY Cannabis Oil: The Basics

Homemade cannabis oil offers a variety of health and wellness benefits. You may choose to mix the canna oil into another edible or beverage recipe, apply the canna oil topically, or place a few drops under your tongue like a cannabis tincture .

Canna oil has recreational uses as well as medicinal purposes. Here are a few therapeutic uses for cannabis oil:

  • Temporary mood boosting
  • Cardiovascular efficiency

These possible health benefits also depend on whether you use hemp or marijuana in your oil.

Hemp vs. Marijuana: Which Should You Use?

Hemp or CBD oil is a good choice if you live in a state where cannabis is illegal. CBD hemp oil may also be the right option if you want to avoid "getting high" from tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Using marijuana with a full spectrum of cannabinoids may offer more potent therapeutic benefits through the entourage effect .

Dosing

Dosing is one of the most challenging issues with cannabis edibles , including canna oil. Too much THC can give you an unpleasant and lingering high. For this reason, it’s a good idea to consult with a physician who can provide you with proper dosing instructions for your body chemistry and level of cannabis experience.

Best Carrier Oil for Cannabis Oil

Many cannabis users report that coconut oil makes the best carrier oil for cannabis oil. Coconut oil contains beneficial fatty acids that go well in both edibles and topicals. However, alternatives to coconut oil also work well, such as vegetable oil or lecithin.

Using Lecithin

Lecithin is a type of fat that allows for ingredients to stick and bind together. Adding lecithin to your recipes and/or into your oil can help the canna oil bind together with other ingredients more readily and improve shelf life. Lecithin has the added benefit of increasing the bioavailability of cannabinoids. Sunflower lecithin is best for a range of diets. Eggs are also a source of lecithin and act as a binding ingredient in baking.

Why It’s Important to Decarboxylate Cannabis

Decarboxylating or "decarbing" cannabis refers to a chemical reaction where a carbon atom is removed from a carbon chain, resulting in the release of carbon dioxide (CO2). Key cannabinoids, like THC and CBD, convert from different original forms during the decarbing process.

For example, THCA (tetrahydrocannabinolic acid) is non-psychoactive in its raw form but becomes psychoactive as THC after decarboxylation. Likewise, CBDA (cannabidiolic acid) is the acid precursor to CBD and may provide its own health benefits .

To change THCA to THC and CBDA to CBD, the raw cannabis flower must be decarboxylated first. Decarboxylating also makes certain cannabinoids, such as CBD, more bioavailable (i.e., your body can process them more easily).

Cannabis Oil Recipe

The following recipe includes everything you need to make cannabis oil at home.

What You’ll Need

    • Rimmed baking tray
    • Baking paper
    • Crockpot, double boiler, or saucepan
    • Cheesecloth or strainer
    • Cooking twine to tie the cheesecloth

    Ingredients

      • 3.5 grams of flower
      • 1/2 cup of cooking oil (coconut oil or olive oil)

      Steps

      Step 1

      Break up any cannabis flower or "buds" you have into smaller pieces.

      Step 2

      Layer the pieces onto a rimmed baking tray lined with baking paper/parchment. Place the baking tray into the center of a preheated oven set to 240°F-248°F (115°C-120°C) for 30-40 minutes. Stir every 10 minutes.

      Step 3

      Allow the cannabis to cool to room temperature. It should appear darker in color – usually, light brown or yellow, and not as green as fresh cannabis.

      Step 4

      Once cooled, coarsely grind the cannabis and store it in an airtight container.

      Step 5

      Combine the cannabis and coconut oil using one of the following methods:

        • In a slow cooker or crockpot on low for about 4-6 hours, stirring occasionally.
        • In a double boiler on low for 6-8 hours, stirring occasionally – a simple heat-proof bowl over a saucepan of boiling water will suffice.
        • On the stove in a saucepan on low heat for 3 hours, stirring regularly. This method is the fastest but most susceptible to scorching. You can add a small amount of water to the oil to prevent scorching.

        Note that the temperature of the oil should never exceed 245°F (118°C).

        Step 6

        Strain your canna-oil through a cheesecloth or strainer to get rid of the plant material.

        Get Your Delicious Canna Oil Recipe

        Alternative Method for Making Canna-Oil

        You can also infuse raw cannabis directly in olive or coconut oil by first getting the cannabis-oil mixture to a temperature of between 212°F (100°C) and 230°F (110°C) to decarboxylate it. Then, simmer and double boil it for around 1- 2 hours at a temperature of between 158°F (70°C) and 199°F (93°C).

        Double boiling ensures that the oil does not go above 212°F (100°C) after the initial decarboxylation, and means you can decarb the cannabis at a lower temperature over a few hours. However, we recommend decarboxylating the cannabis first rather than decarbing in the oil, which is more efficient.

        If you’re double boiling decarbed cannabis, a temperature between 100°F and 120°F (38°C – 49°C) in a double boiler for between 1 and 5 hours is ideal. Use a cheesecloth to hold the raw or decarbed cannabis as you double boil it to avoid straining the oil afterward. Although raw cannabis can be added directly to oil, it is still best to decarb the cannabis first to maximize the shelf life of your oil. You can also use the leftover plant matter to make edibles.

        Tips and Tricks for Making Homemade Canna-Oil

        Follow these tips and tricks to make the best homemade canna-oil.

        Always Cook at Low Temperatures

        To retain any acidic cannabinoids, cook at lower temperatures or use the infused oil without cooking it. Once the oil has been infused, you can heat it to a maximum of 350°F (approx 176°C) to keep all the cannabinoids from burning off. We recommend cooking at below 284°F (140°C) or even 248 (120°C).

        Extend Shelf-Life with Proper Storage

        Cannabinoids do not last forever, and over time and exposure to light, air, and heat, your cannabis-infused oil will decrease potency. Acidic cannabinoids, in particular, are very unstable and do not last very long when exposed to the air.

        Any impurities in the cannabis-infused oil will also affect how long a cannabis-infused oil will last. Therefore, properly straining any plant material from the oil is essential to prevent mold and bacteria growth.

        Kept in a cool, dark place, cannabis-infused oil should retain its potency for about 1-1.5 years. Room temperature is appropriate if your indoor environment stays below 70 degrees Fahrenheit.

        Infuse Oil to Retain Terpenes

        Much of the flavor and effect of cannabis come from its terpenes and flavonoids . Infusing decarboxylated cannabis into oil will impart the flavor of the cannabis into the oil. While the terpenes and flavonoids may be pleasant when smelled (and even smoked or vaporized), the taste of cannabis when eaten is not usually as pleasant. Many people try to overcome the taste with sugar, hence the huge variety of medicated sweet treats like pot brownies .

        Strain to Help Get Rid of Unpleasant Tastes

        Straining away the plant material from the oil will reduce the unpleasant taste but not eliminate it. Matching the flavor profile of the cannabis-infused oil to the dish is possible but not easy considering the number of terpenes and terpenoids at play. Other ingredients can mask the flavor, as can infusing the oil with other herbs and spices.

        Reach out to one of the qualified physicians at Leafwell to learn more about the health benefits of canna oil and other cannabis products. Our doctors are here to help you quickly apply for a medical marijuana card.

        How Can I Legally Buy Cannabis to Make Canna Oil?

        Stay informed about the current cannabis laws in your state to know if you can legally buy cannabis to make canna oil.

        Is Canna Oil the Same as CBD Oil?

        No. The difference between canna oil and CBD oil comes down to THC. Canna oil contains a significant amount of THC, while CBD oil contains only trace amounts of THC, i.e., not enough to have psychoactive effects.

        How Long Does It Take to Make Cannabis Oil?

        If using a double-boiler, the infusion process to make canna oil takes approximately 6 to 8 hours until you have a final product.

        Article written by

        Tina Magrabi Senior Content Writer

        Tina Magrabi is a writer and editor specializing in holistic health. She has written hundreds of articles for Weedmaps where she spearheaded the Ailments series on cannabis medicine. In addition, she has written extensively for the women's health blog, SafeBirthProject, as well as print publications including Destinations Magazine and Vero's Voice. Tina is a Yale University alumna and certified yoga instructor with a passion for the outdoors.

        Keep updated with our social media

        Leafwell HQ
        Phone: +1 (800) 660-9085

        ©2022 Leafwell. Note: Information on this site does not constitute medical advice or legal advice.

        The Do’s and Don’ts of Making CBD Edibles

        Let me just preface this post by saying that I am biased when it comes to CBD edibles. A good edible may be my favorite way of taking CBD for a number of reasons.

        • Are more accessible than other ingestion methods
        • Last longer than any other ingestion method
        • When prepared properly, they taste absolutely amazing

        As someone who’s been making and perfecting their own recipes, I wanted to share some tips for making great CBD edibles that I’ve picked up over the years. While not an exhaustive list, hopefully the following list of do’s and don’ts can help you make effective and tasty CBD edibles.

        In This Post, We’ll Talk About

        • What CBD edibles are
        • Decarboxylation
        • Dosing your CBD edibles
        • Infusing oils with CBD
        • And more…

        What Are CBD Edibles?

        CBD edibles are snacks, gums, sugars, beverages, or any food that’s been infused with CBD. They can be formulated differently depending on what experience the manufacturer is trying to offer. For example, Sunset Lake CBD offers coffee beans infused with CBD meant to curb the morning jitters common with caffeine consumption. We also sell full-spectrum CBD Fudge that’s a great before-bed treat.

        CBD edibles are different than your average recreational cannabis edibles. CBD edibles that you can buy online usually won’t contain significant amounts of THC — to be considered compliant with the 2018 Farm Bill , CBD edibles must contain less than 0.3% delta-9 THC on a weighted basis.

        Many CBD edibles don’t contain any THC, meaning they are made with CBD isolate— a form of purified CBD. Our CBD Sour Gummy Bears are one such example.

        The Do’s and Don’ts of Making CBD Edibles

        Don’t Fly Blind

        So you have some CBD Hemp Flower and want to make some CBD edibles? How much flower should you use for your oil infusion? How much oil should you use?

        Because edible CBD is metabolized differently than when you smoke it or topically apply it, it’s important to be as precise with your CBD dosages as possible. Unless you’re a seasoned CBD edible user, don’t fly blind.

        Do Use a Dosing Calculator for Your CBD Edibles

        Making accurately dosed CBD edibles takes a bit of math and plugging in numbers. Luckily, the good folks over at Veriheal.com have created this free-to-use edible dosage calculator that can do most of the heavy lifting for us.

        You’ll need a few things:

        • A kitchen scale.
        • The certificate of analysis that came with your CBD hemp flower.

        Using the certificate of analysis, you can figure out your flower’s CBD% and THC% and plug those directly into your edible dosage calculator. You’ll also want to convert the amount of fat (butter, oil, etc.) in your recipe from whatever measurement is given in the recipe to teaspoons, as that’s the unit of measurement our edible calculator uses.

        Once you know how much fat (in teaspoons) is called for in your recipe, the number of servings your recipe will make, and how much CBD per teaspoon your flower yields, it’s up to you to determine how many grams of CBD hemp flower you’ll want to use for infusion.

        We at Sunset Lake CBD, always recommend starting with a 25mg dose of CBD. That includes CBD edibles. Play around with the dosing calculator until you find that sweet spot.

        Don’t Put Hemp Flower Directly into your CBD Edibles

        My rookie mistake, I’m not ashamed to admit. One might think that you can treat your hemp flower like any other ingredient during the cooking process.

        “A little shake in some brownies… what could go wrong?“

        Throwing ground-up CBD hemp flower directly into your edibles isn’t the worst mistake, but it could cause your edibles to be less potent and have an unpleasant texture.

        Do Decarboxylate Your Hemp

        The secret to great homemade CBD edibles is the activation of CBDa (cannabidiolic acid) and infusion of CBD into a fat, like unsalted butter or coconut oil.

        Decarboxylation, or decarb for short, is the process in which CBDa (cannabidiolic acid) loses its carboxyl acid group through heat and becomes CBD. This process is perhaps the most important when making CBD edibles. Without ‘decarbed’ CBD, our edibles won’t have any effect.

        This is the most important step when making CBD edibles . If we don’t decarb our CBD hemp flower before infusion, our edibles won’t have any effect.

        Decarbing your hemp flower for CBD edibles: step by step.

        1. Preheat your oven to 250 degrees F
        2. Prepare a clean roasting pan. Line the bottom of the pan with parchment paper to make cleanup easier.
        3. Spread out your CBD flower evenly in the roasting pan.
        4. Cover the pan with tinfoil (not necessary, but helps cut down on smell and keeps the good terpenes in)
        5. Bake at 240F for one hour. ( Warning: this step is quite pungent. Turn on your overhead exhaust— especially if you live in a shared space.)
        6. Don’t uncover the pan until it’s cool.
        7. Remove your CBD flower from the pan and pulverize it until it is an even brown shake. This can be done with a traditional grinder or a mortar and pestle.
        8. Your hemp flower is ready for infusion

        Do Use High-Quality Fats for CBD Edibles Infusion

        Using better ingredients means better food. The same is true for CBD edibles. If you want your CBD edibles to be effective and taste good, you should use high-quality fats like coconut oil, or butter from grass-fed cows.

        CBD (and most other cannabinoids) are fat-soluble. Not all fats are made the same. Some are better at “latching” onto CBD than others.

        The best fats to infuse with CBD are:

        • Butter – 93% infusion rate
        • Avocado oil- 92%
        • MCT (Medium-Chain Triglyceride) oil – 91%
        • Coconut oil- 82%

        Some of the above oils taste better than others in certain dishes. Plan accordingly!

        Don’t Burn the CBD

        I’m not ashamed to admit I’ve done this before either. After a by-the-book fat infusion, I tried to use my CBD butter in a recipe that called for baking at 400 degrees Fahrenheit. What a tragic result.

        At temperatures over 356F, CBD boils off causing your CBD edibles to become less effective.

        You’ll want to stick with recipes that call for baking at 350 degrees or lower in order to protect the integrity of your CBD.

        Don’t Eat Your CBD Edibles On an Empty Stomach

        You’ll be tempted to dig into your CBD edibles once they’re done. By all means, do, but make sure that you’re eating some non-infused CBD food either before or while you eat your CBD edibles.

        CBD edibles, and cannabis-infused foods in general, work better and are more pleasant when you eat them after a meal.

        Do Wait for Your CBD Edibles to Kick In

        Because edible CBD is metabolized and digested at a different pace than other ingestion methods, you may not notice them kick in right away. Generally, the average CBD edible consumer will start to feel the effects anywhere between 45-120 minutes.

        CBD edibles also don’t stop kicking in for quite some time. So unless you want to end up taking a three-hour nap, it’s important to pace yourself.

        Do Share Your CBD Edibles

        Not much of a tip. But definitely do this!

        Time to make your own CBD edibles

        While you’re here, check out Sunset Lake’s selection of CBD hemp flower small buds . At a fraction of the price of our premium jarred flower , the small buds are perfect for bakers and chefs alike who are thinking about making their own CBD edibles.