benefits of cbd oil for humans

The Health Benefits of Cannabis Oil

Cannabis oil is quickly gaining momentum in the health industry as it has become an appealing option for people who are looking for relief from pain and from other health issues.

In this article, we will be looking at what scientific studies show when it comes to how cannabis oil might treat a wide variety of common ailments.

The following health benefits have been reported when using cannabis oil and are also backed by scientific research:

Cannabis Oil Can Relieve Pain

Marijuana has been used to treat pain for many years. Recently, it has also been discovered that cannabis oil (CBD), which is a certain component of marijuana, also has pain-relieving properties.

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) within the human body helps to regulate many important functions such as immune system response, pain, appetite and sleep. The body produces neurotransmitters or endocannabinoids which bind to cannabinoid receptors in the nervous system. It has been shown that CBD will reduce pain as it impacts the endocannabinoid receptor activity, interacts with neurotransmitters and reduces inflammation. Research shows that CBD injections reduce the pain of surgical incision in rats and that it also reduces inflammation and nerve pain. Humans studies showed that it is also effective in treating the pain of arthritis and multiple sclerosis sufferers.

If you want to read a bit more about whether cannabis oil is the right choice for managing your pain, go to Authority Health to find out about the different natural ways to help alleviate pain.

It Reduces Depression And Anxiety

Depression and anxiety can have catastrophic impacts on your well-being and health and even though these disorders are usually treated with pharmaceutical drugs, they often cause many side effects such as headaches, insomnia, agitation, and drowsiness.

Many people who live with anxiety and depression have become interested in cannabis oil’s natural approach as it has shown to treat these disorders without the side effects experienced when using other conventional drugs. It has been shown that CBD reduces anxiety, speech performance and cognitive impairment. This is because CBD is believed to act on the receptors of the brain for serotonin (the neurotransmitter that regulates social behavior and mood).

Read more about how to tame your anxiety without a visit to the doctor’s office or without the use of medication.

It Can Reduce Cancer-Related Symptoms

Not only can CBD reduce cancer-related symptoms, but it can also reduce negative side effects of cancer treatment such as pain, vomiting and nausea. Some studies even found that CBD may have anticancer properties as it induces cell death in breast cancer cells in humans. However, these are animal studies and test tube studies which means that it is not certain yet whether it will also be effective in humans.

CBD Reduces Acne

Acne is believed to be caused by many different factors such as the overproduction of sebum, underlying inflammation, bacteria, genetics and more. Due to CBD’s ability to reduce the production of sebum and because of its anti-inflammatory properties, it will be able to help treat acne.

It Is Good For Brain Health

It is said that CBD may provide some benefits for those who have neurological disorders, such as multiple sclerosis and epilepsy. Studies have found that cannabis oil can reduce spasms in up to 75% of multiple sclerosis sufferers. Another study gave people with epilepsy CBD oil after which their seizures reduced by 36.5%.

It has also been shown that CBD treatment improved the sleep quality and quality of life for patients with Parkinson’s disease.

Read more about how CBD may help promote healthy sleep.

It Is Good For Your Heart

Research shows that CBD has been linked to many benefits for the circulatory system as well as for the heart. This includes the ability to lower blood pressure (which is linked to many health conditions such as metabolic syndrome, heart attack and stroke).

It might be because of CBD’s ability to lower blood pressure that it is also effective at reducing anxiety and stress. Animal studies have also shown that CBD may reduce cell death and inflammation associated with heart disease because of its powerful stress-reducing and antioxidant properties.

More Potential Benefits

CBD is believed to provide benefits for the following conditions as well, although more studies are needed:

    such as schizophrenia as it reduces antipsychotic symptoms.
  • It can be used as substance abuse treatment as it has been shown to modify brain circuits related to addiction. It has further been shown to reduce heroin-seeking and morphine dependence behavior in rats.
  • In animal studies and test-tube studies, it has been shown that CBD has anti-tumor effects. It has also been shown to prevent the spread of lung, colon, brain, prostate and breast cancer in animals.
  • Treatment with CBD has the potential to reduce diabetes by 56% and it also reduced inflammation. It, therefore, acts as an excellent diabetes prevention method.

Are There Any Side Effects?

CBD may cause some negative side effects in some people, even though it is considered safe and generally well tolerated. The following side effects have been noted or reported:

  • Fatigue
  • Changes in appetite
  • Diarrhea

It is also important to note that CBD does interact with a variety of medications and it is, therefore, essential to discuss the fact that you take it with your doctor to ensure that you are safe and to avoid any possible interactions.

What It All Comes Down To

Studies have shown that CBD oil can be effective in treating many health issues such as heart disease, depression, anxiety, acne, mental health disorders, substance abuse treatment and diabetes. It has even been shown to have anti-tumor effects and that it might be a natural alternative for pain relief and the treatment of cancer.

Even though research is quite new, the research of potential benefits of CBD is still ongoing and the chance is, therefore, good that new therapeutic uses will soon be discovered.

It seems like the best CBD oils are relatively safe to use with minor side effects reported by some. It is a powerful and safe natural treatment which might reduce symptoms for many health-related issues.

Barrett Jones is a clinical pharmacologist who studied at Baylor College of Medicine, Texas. He currently works in a chemistry laboratory in Columbia University (where he also lecturers occasionally) investigating how pharmaceuticals interact with our biological systems. He specializes in and is passionate about how medication used for treating ADD and ADHD may impact long-term cognitive abilities. He has written many papers and is often consulted in a number of lawsuits against pharmaceutical companies.

He follows a strict diet loosely based on the Keto principles and enjoys the science and chemistry behind food and preparing meals. He is an avid cyclist and cross country runner. His aspirations include only to be the best at what he does, whatever that may be.

CBD Oil Benefits: Pain, Anxiety, Sleep, Cancer, & More

With estimates of hitting $16 billion in the United States by 2025, the CBD industry has caused a real gold rush. Already, CBD oil is added to toothpicks, breath sprays, tampons, and the entire range of beauty products claim to contain CBD nowadays.

According to a survey of 5,000 people, conducted by the Brightfield Group, more than 60% of CBD users have taken it for anxiety.

Insomnia, depression, and chronic pain followed through.

It seems like everybody is hopping on the bandwagon these days, even celebrities. For example, two renowned UFC fighters Nick Diaz and Nate Diaz use it to relieve pain and improve focus as well as post-workout recovery. Kim Kardashian West turned to CBD oil when she was freaking out over having a fourth baby. Martha Stewart gives CBD oil to her dog, so animals partake in the hype too

Are CBD oil benefits really that remarkable?

What’s the fuss all about?

Let’s see what science has to say about it.

CBD Oil Benefits 101: Everything You Need to Know

While infusing CBD into things like tampons and sugar-laced lollipops is an overkill, health supplements such as CBD oil can have a remarkably positive impact on our health, as reported by the continuously growing number of studies.

CBD is promising in a lot of different therapeutic avenues. It also has a well-established safety profile, so it’s no wonder why people are turning to hemp extracts for help.

Let’s explore the most talked about the benefits of CBD oil.

1. CBD Oil for Pain Relief

Cannabis has been used for pain relief since 2900 B.C.

But let’s talk about more recent findings.

The human body contains a major regulatory network called the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which is involved in maintaining a balance between important functions in the body, such as sleep, appetite, immune system response, and pain perception.

The ECS releases its own neurotransmitters (endocannabinoids) that bind to cannabinoid receptors in your nervous system.

Studies have shown that CBD oil may help ease chronic pain by engaging with the endocannabinoid receptors, reducing inflammation, and changing the way the brain perceives pain signals.

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Several human studies have linked CBD to positive effects in treating pain related to arthritis or multiple sclerosis. Two studies examining the results of Sativex, an oral spray containing a mix of CBD and THC, have found improvements in pain, muscle spasms, and walking difficulties in the subjects.

2. CBD for Anxiety & Depression

Anxiety and depression are two prevalent mental health problems that can wreak havoc on our health and well-being.

As the World Health Organization reports, depression is the single largest disability-inducing factor worldwide, while anxiety problems score sixth place.

Common anxiety and depression treatments include pharmaceutical antidepressants, which can cause a number of adverse effects, including headaches, drowsiness, agitation, insomnia, addiction, sexual dysfunction, and suicidal thoughts.

CBD oil has shown positive results for both depression and anxiety. In one Brazillian study, 57 participants received oral CBD or placebo 90 minutes before giving a simulated public speech. The researchers found that a 300-mg dose of CBD produced the best anti-anxiety effects during the speech.

CBD oil has been studied to safely treat sleeping disorders and anxiety in children suffering from PTSD.

These effects are attributed to CBD’s ability to influence serotonin receptors in the brain, which regulate mood and social behavior.

3. CBD for Symptoms of Cancer & Post-Chemotherapy Side Effects

CBD may help alleviate cancer-related symptoms and the side effects of cancer treatment, such as pain, nausea, and vomiting.

People treated with a CBD/THC extract experienced significant relief from pain compared to those who took THC alone.

CBD may also help ease chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting by acting on the brain areas that trigger both processes.

When it comes to cancer alone, CBD has shown the potential to stop the spread of certain types of cancer by blocking the proliferation of cancerous cells.

4. CBD for Acne

Acne affects more than 9% of the global population. This condition is caused by a variety of factors, including bacteria, underlying inflammation, the overproduction of sebum, and genetics.

Based on recent research, CBD oil may help reduce acne due to its anti-inflammatory properties and the ability to regulate the oily secretion made by sebaceous glands in the skin.

One test-tube study concluded that CBD oil blocked sebaceous gland cells from storing excessive sebum, which led to anti-inflammatory actions and prevented the activation of acne-inducing agents like inflammatory cytokines. Even other skin conditions caused by inflammation and redness such as eczema, psoriasis, and rosacea can be relieved with CBD.

Despite these promising results, more human studies on the effects of CBD on acne are needed.

5. CBD for Neuroprotection

Scientists believe that CBD’s interaction with the endocannabinoid system and other brain signaling mechanisms can improve the symptoms of neurological disorders.

In fact, this trait is one of the most studied when it comes to the potential therapeutic use of CBD. Although this is still a relatively new research area, several studies have already pointed to CBD as an effective treatment for neurological disorders.

For example, Sativex, the aforementioned CBD/THC oral spray, has been proven to be a safe and effective way to ease muscle spasticity in patients with multiple sclerosis. In one study, Sativex reduced the spasms in 75% of 276 participants

Additionally, CBD may decrease inflammation and help prevent neurodegeneration associated with Alzheimer’s disease and other types of dementia. CBD may help prevent cognitive decline and slow down the buildup of amyloid plaque — the main contributor to the disease.

6. CBD for Cardiovascular Health

When it comes to CBD oil benefits, cardiovascular health is another quite well-studied area. Recent studies have associated CBD with several positive effects on the heart and circulatory system, including the ability to reduce high blood pressure (hypertension).

Hypertension is a major risk factor for a variety of health conditions, including metabolic syndrome, atrial fibrillation (AFib), heart attack, or stroke.

Studies show that CBD may be able to regulate blood pressure in humans. For example, a single dose of 600 mg CBD oil may result in reduced resting blood pressure. More interestingly, people put under stressful situations may also experience a smaller rise in blood pressure than normal.

CBD has strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, so its ability to reduce cell damage can also prove beneficial for cardiovascular health.

7. CBD for Weight Loss & Metabolism

As you can see, there are many health benefits of using CBD oil, but could CBD actually help you lose extra weight and speed up your metabolism?

Again, researchers are optimistic. CBD can promote a process called “fat browning,” which converts white fat cells to brown fat cells. White fat is known as the “bad” fat that you begin to store when the body burns fewer calories than it receives. Brown fat cells, on the other hand, are known for their ability to fuel the body with energy more efficiently. With more brown fat cells in the body, you may be able to burn off more calories as a result.

CBD may also suppress appetite by acting as an indirect antagonist of the CB1 receptor in the brain.

Other Possible Benefits of CBD Oil

CBD has been researched for its number of health benefits other than those we highlighted above. Although more studies are needed to make definite statements about these benefits, CBD is thought to ease the following health problems:

  • Psychosis
  • Substance abuse
  • Attention deficits
  • Compromised immune functioning
  • Metabolic issues
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Migraines
  • Tumors

With so many potential benefits, it’s natural to wonder if CBD can also have an adverse effect on our health.

What is CBD?

CBD stands for cannabidiol, the second major chemical in the cannabis Sativa plant. Around a decade ago, people were more absorbed by its more famous cousin, THC, which is the active ingredient in marijuana plants that triggers the “high” feeling. Today, it looks like these two compounds are going neck in neck when it comes to their popularity.

As CBD makes a buzz in the market, together with THC, many have given rise to a whole litany of misconceptions about this cannabinoid, making people afraid to even try it. It is best to deeply understand what CBD is and what it can do so you can distinguish the truth from those makeup stories roaming around the internet and reap the benefits of CBD.

CBD and THC are just two of the plant’s 100+ cannabinoids. While THC is responsible for the psychoactive buzz in cannabis, CBD doesn’t induce intoxication. In fact, it can block some of THC’s intoxicating effects by acting on specific sites of the receptors to which THC tries to bind.

CBD is being studied in several important areas of medicine, including psychological disorders, neurodegeneration, addiction, epilepsy, autoimmune conditions, and cancer.

The majority of evidence supporting the health benefits comes from animal studies or smaller human trials. To date, only one clinical study has been completed with regards to Cannabidiol. The study also led to the approval of the first anti-seizure CBD-based drug by the FDA — Epidiolex.

What is CBD Oil?

CBD oil is a concentrated extract from the whole cannabis plant. As such, it contains not only CBD but also an array of other cannabinoids and terpenes.

CBD oil can be extracted from two types of cannabis plants: hemp and marijuana.

Marijuana typically contains high concentrations of THC, so cannabis oils derived from this type of cannabis can get the user high. They’re also illegal on the federal level. If you want to purchase marijuana-derived CBD oil, you need to live in a place that allows marijuana for medical and recreational use.

Hemp, on the other hand, contains only a trace amount of THC — usually up to 0.3% — which isn’t enough to produce intoxicating effects. Hemp-derived CBD products are legal in all 50 states and can be sold over the counter along with other health supplements. You can easily find CBD hemp oil in your local pharmacy, vape store, health retail center, as well as online.

Now that you understand the difference between the two sources of CBD oil, let’s talk about the benefits of CBD backed by scientific evidence.

Are There Any Side Effects of Using CBD Oil? Is CBD Safe?

As written earlier, CBD has a well-established safety profile. Even doses as high as 1,500 mg CBD daily is well-tolerated in humans. That being said, some people may experience adverse reactions to CBD oil.

The side effects of CBD observed in studies include:

  • Dry mouth
  • Fatigue
  • Sedation
  • Changes in appetite
  • Diarrhea

CBD can also interact with many prescription and OTC medications. Before you start using any CBD product, consult your doctor to ensure you stay safe during supplementation, and avoid potentially dangerous interactions.

This is particularly true for medications or supplements that have a “grapefruit warning” on the container. CBD uses the same mechanisms as grapefruit, interfering with a group of enzymes that are responsible for metabolizing drugs.

Final Thoughts on CBD Oil Benefits

Researchers have been extensively studying the health benefits of CBD oil for the past several years. CBD has been highlighted as an effective alternative to conventional treatment options for a wide range of health problems, including anxiety, depression, heart disease, inflammation, and neurological conditions.

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Research on the potential health benefits of CBD oil is still inconclusive, so the aforementioned benefits still call for large-scale human trials — but that should come with time. In the meantime, scientists are discovering new therapeutic effects of CBD.

There’s still much to learn about CBD and other cannabinoids. Cannabis is a very complex plant, with over 400 active chemicals inside them. Nevertheless, results from recent studies suggest that CBD may provide a safe, powerful treatment for many health concerns.

CBD products are widely available across the United States. You can look for CBD oil somewhere near you or check for a reliable online supplier to save time and money. You’ll find CBD in many different forms online, from gummies to tinctures, vapes, concentrates, creams, and pet products.

Livvy Ashton

Livvy is a registered nurse (RN) and board-certified nurse midwife (CNM) in the state of New Jersey. After giving birth to her newborn daughter, Livvy stepped down from her full-time position at the Children’s Hospital of New Jersey. This gave her the opportunity to spend more time writing articles on all topics related to pregnancy and prenatal care.

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CBD Oil Benefits – March 2022

Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the many naturally occurring chemical compounds, or cannabinoids, in the Cannabis sativa plant (3) .

Compared to tetrahydrocannabinol ( THC ), another active cannabinoid, CBD is non-psycho active , which means that it does not cause mind-altering effects when consumed. This quality makes cannabidiol an interesting option for people seeking relief from various ailments.

Researchers believe that CBD’s potential therapeutic benefits are due to how it interacts with the cannabinoid receptors in the human body. These receptors, together with the naturally occurring cannabinoids and enzymes, comprise the endocannabinoid system (ECS).

The ECS regulates various bodily functions , such as the human body’s immune system response and energy (4) .

Endocannabinoids are transmitters attached to cannabinoid receptors. These receptors are widely distributed throughout the central and peripheral nervous systems (5) .

Endocannabinoids are primarily mediated by the CB1 and CB2 receptors (6) . These receptors allow endocannabinoids to fulfill their roles in the body .

Potential Health Benefits of CBD

CBD has been found to exert a wide range of therapeutic properties. It is said to have neuroprotective , antipsychotic , anticonvulsant, analgesic, antioxidant , antiarthritic, anti-inflammatory , and antiemetic properties (7) .

These are some of the potential health benefits of CBD oil .

Pain Management

Cannabidiol has especially gained popularity as a promising treatment for chronic pain related to numerous conditions. One study suggested that the compound may provide pain relief for specific pain issues while improving an individual’s quality of life (8) .

Studies reveal that cannabinoids , such as CBD and THC , help reduce chronic pain by modulating endocannabinoid system receptors (9) . Researchers learned that these cannabinoids affect conditions such as multiple sclerosis and neuropathic pain.

Multiple sclerosis is a central nervous system disease that attacks the protective covering of nerve fibers, which may result in spastic pain among many other problems.

Neuropathic pain is pain caused by disease or damage to the nervous system . It may result from long-standing diabetes, stroke, or other conditions.

Numerous clinical trials have demonstrated that Sativex, a spray containing THC and CBD, can treat some forms of pain and rheumatoid arthritis (10) .

Alleviation of Anxiety and Depression

Two prevalent mental health disorders that can affect health drastically are anxiety and depression (11) .

Based on a World Health Organization (WHO) report, the number of individuals with mental disorders is increasing globally (12) . The 2017 WHO report estimated that more than 300 million people suffer from depression, which is approximately 5% of the world population.

Depression and anxiety are often treated using pharmaceutical drugs, such as antidepressants . These medications have been found to cause several side effects , including insomnia, drowsiness , restlessness, sexual disorders, nausea, and diarrhea (13) .

Some medications, especially those with opioids , may also cause addiction and eventually lead to substance abuse (14) .

Some researchers suggested that CBD oil may be a promising treatment for psychiatric disorders, like anxiety and depression (15) .

In 2019, Brazilian researchers administered either oral CBD or placebo to more than 50 healthy men before undergoing a public speaking test. The experts learned that those who took 300 mg of CBD had significantly reduced anxiety during the speech simulation (16) .

These findings confirmed the anxiolytic-like effects of CBD , similar to the results found in previous animal studies . CBD was also found to interact with serotonin receptors, neurotransmitters implicated in anxiety and depression (17) .

In another study, a ten-year-old patient suffering from anxiety and sleep disorders was given CBD oil to help with her well-being. The patient took CBD supplements for five months, who reportedly experienced a gradual increase in quality and quantity of sleep (18) .

Reduced Cancer-Related Symptoms

CBD may help reduce cancer-related symptoms and the side effects of cancer treatment .

A study in 2010 analyzed 177 human subjects who were experiencing cancer-related pain (19) . These individuals have not found relief even after using pain management medications.

The subjects were given extracts containing either CBD and THC , THC alone, or placebo .

The patients who took the combination that included CBD and THC experienced significant pain reduction compared to those provided only THC and placebo .

The researchers of the study concluded that CBD and THC , when combined, are effective in relieving cancer-related pain.

A study showed that patients undergoing chemotherapy experienced reduced nausea and vomiting after consuming CBD and THC (20) .

CBD may also lessen nausea and vomiting after cancer treatments , such as chemotherapy (21) .

Potential Neuroprotective Properties

The ability of CBD to affect the endocannabinoid system and other brain signaling systems could potentially benefit people with neurological problems.

One of the most studied psychiatry areas on the use of CBD is in treating neurological disorders , like Alzheimer’s disease and schizophrenia (22) .

Although research in this area is entirely new, a few studies have started showing promising reports concerning the compound.

Sativex, which contains both CBD and THC , may be an effective treatment option for patients with moderate to severe multiple sclerosis spasticity.

In a study, researchers found that most patients experienced relief from the condition after taking Sativex for a month (23) .

In another study, two hundred fourteen patients with Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome were given CBD (24) . The individuals reportedly experienced fewer motor seizures after several weeks of treatment.

The findings led researchers to believe that cannabidiol may help reduce seizure frequency in people with epilepsy .

Another study has shown that CBD may improve the overall quality of life for individuals with Parkinson’s disease (25) .

Cardiovascular Health

CBD may provide health benefits for the cardiovascular and circulatory systems, with its potential to lower blood pressure (26) . High blood pressure has long been considered a critical risk factor for various heart diseases and mortality (27) .

In one human study , healthy male volunteers were given either a single dose of 600 mg of CBD oil or placebo . The researchers learned that after cannabidiol intake, the participants’ resting blood pressure was lower than that of individuals who took the placebo (28) .

The study also subjected the men to stress tests that typically increased blood pressure. Researchers observed that a dose of CBD resulted in the subjects experiencing a reduced blood pressure increase than usual in response to the tests (29) .

The study suggests that the properties of CBD may have therapeutic effects that could potentially improve heart health. More studies are needed to determine any clear benefits of CBD for cardiovascular health.

Reduced Acne

Acne is a prevalent skin disorder that affects more than nine percent of the worldwide population (30) . The condition may be caused by bacteria, genetics, and the overproduction of sebum (31) , the oily substances produced by the skin.

According to a study, CBD effectively prevented sebaceous glands from secreting excessive sebum (32) . It also revealed that the compound exerted anti-inflammatory actions, preventing the activation of acne-causing agents.

However, in this study, CBD was administered only to cultured human sebocytes. It did not include human subjects with the said skin condition.

Collectively, the study results suggested that the compound may be a potential therapeutic agent for acne.

Types of CBD Oil

There are three types of CBD oil: full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and CBD isolates.

Full-spectrum CBD contains all of the cannabinoids , flavonoids, terpenes, and other substances naturally found in cannabis . The distinct aromas and flavors of cannabis plants are because of the terpenes they contain, while flavonoids are responsible for the colors.

Combining all of these components results in a synergy called “the entourage effect.” The concept behind this effect is that all cannabis compounds work better when they are taken together, rather than individually (33) .

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Since cannabidiol is not the only component of cannabis with potential therapeutic benefits, some users may want to choose full-spectrum CBD.

Meanwhile, people who are allergic to THC or do not wish to consume the psychoactive compound can purchase broad-spectrum CBD. This cannabidiol variant does not contain THC .

Lastly, CBD isolates are made of only pure CBD. CBD isolates are for people who do not want to take the other cannabis components except for cannabidiol .

Choosing the Best CBD Oil Products

As cannabidiol grows in popularity, users should ensure that the CBD products they purchase are high-quality and come from trusted sources.

  1. High-quality CBD oil is extracted using a supercritical CO 2 method.

Top-quality CBD oils are extracted using supercritical CO 2 . This method ensures that the extract is free of additives and additional chemicals.

  1. Hemp grown in areas that require soil tests is ideal.

Hemp is a plant that readily absorbs minerals from the soil where it is planted. While it can absorb the nutrients in the soil, it can also take in petroleum, lead, and toxic substances.

High-quality CBD oil is grown in areas where the local government requires its farmers to have their fields tested frequently for toxic substances .

  1. The product label should indicate the CBD amount that the product contains.

Reliable brands inform users about the amount of CBD they can get from their product labels. Pay close attention to the concentration or the total number of milligrams in each bottle. A higher number means a more potent tincture.

  1. Reputable CBD brands publish lab results on their website.

Before purchasing any CBD product , ensure that the company has its CBD product tested by third-party labs. A trustworthy company makes the lab test results of their CBD products readily available to the public.

The certificate of analysis (COA) should be found on the brand’s website or as a code embedded in each product package.

  1. CBD tinctures containing less than 0.3% THC are non-psychoactive.

CBD tinctures made from hemp plants may have traces of THC but not enough to get a person “high.” However, substandard manufacturing processes can result in higher THC levels, causing psychoactive effects upon consumption.

A mislabeled CBD product is a sign of bad quality. It could also mean that the item is illegal for consumption.

Users should check the labels and test results of CBD products before purchasing.

CBD Dosage

The amount of CBD one should take depends on a few factors, such as weight, medical condition, body chemistry, and the concentration of the CBD product.

It is essential to consult a doctor to find the appropriate dosage. A physician can also advise whether CBD use is appropriate or not for a person with a specific health condition .

Some experts believe that starting with a smaller dosage is best for beginners (34) . Users should then gradually increase their intake, depending on the observed effects.

It is advisable to keep a diary of CBD intake and assess if a medical condition’s symptoms have improved. Taking note of these facts can be very helpful when consulting a doctor concerning cannabis use.

CBD tinctures provide an easy way to consume cannabidiol , especially for beginners. These products come with a dropper that allows users to administer the oil under their tongue. Users are advised to hold the substance for thirty to ninety seconds before swallowing.

Another convenient way of taking the compound is by eating CBD gummies . These edibles are ideal for travelers, as the products can be taken at any time.

Applying CBD on the skin through topicals is also another way of administering the compound.

Are CBD Oils and Hemp Oils the Same?

Hempseed oil, or hemp oil, is extracted from the seeds of the Cannabis sativa plant . Extracting the oil requires the seeds to be pressed, processed, and refined before being bottled. Hemp oil contains omega fatty acids, protein, and vitamin E.

Although cannabidiol oil is also obtained from hemp, the oil is extracted from the leaves, flowers, stalks, and stems of the plant.

There are several methods of extracting CBD, with carbon dioxide and ethanol being the most popular.

Differences Between Hemp and CBD Oils

  • Hemp oil can only be obtained from industrial hemp, while CBD can be acquired through different cannabis varieties.
  • Reputable CBD brands provide COAs for their CBD oil products, containing details regarding active ingredients and composition. A COA is not required for hemp oil.
  • CBD oil can legally have up to 0.3% THC , while hemp oil does not contain the psychoactive compound.
  • Some states may have specific laws concerning the manufacture and distribution of CBD. Hemp oil has none of these restrictions.
  • Hemp oil has long been used in beauty products, while CBD is a relatively new extract in all industries.

Is It Legal to Use CBD?

According to the 2018 Farm Bill, farmers in the United States can now cultivate industrial hemp plants for limited purposes (35) . Farms can now grow industrial hemp, while CBD brands can transfer hemp-derived goods across state lines.

There are no more restrictions on the sale, possession, and transportation of these hemp derivatives. However, CBD products must be produced in a way that is approved by law.

For instance, hemp extracts should not contain more than 0.3 % of THC . Cannabis plants that contain more than this amount are not protected under the legislation.

Is CBD Safe to Use?

In a 2018 report, the WHO analyzed several studies concerning cannabidiol and found that the compound has a good safety profile overall (36) . The organization also mentioned that CBD was generally well-tolerated among human subjects with minimal adverse reactions.

However, the document stated that there could be potential drug interactions between CBD and other medications. Such interactions are risks that consumers need to be aware of when using cannabidiol .

One study concluded that CBD has a complex pharmacokinetic profile. The compound should be treated like any other medication with the possibility of interacting with other drugs and medical conditions (37) .

The study’s researchers suggest that medical CBD users should be assessed for potential drug-drug interactions. Healthcare providers should know of these possibilities when prescribing CBD to patients considering complementary therapies. CBD comes in various forms and not all may be appropriate for everyone.

Are There Disadvantages In Using CBD?

Although cannabidiol could potentially be used in treating a wide range of medical conditions , it also has disadvantages.

Note that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved only one CBD-based drug, Epidiolex, which is currently used in the treatment of epilepsy (38) .

Since there is no proper regulation from the FDA , the quality of CBD products varies widely. CBD manufacturers have been found to mislabel their goods, containing more or less of the compound than advertised (39) .

The lack of regulation could also mean that some CBD products may contain THC , the component responsible for the psychoactive effects of medical marijuana .

Even if the product is said to have trace amounts of THC , it could still be enough for a person to be tested positive in a drug test .

However , CBD rarely appears in a drug test since most employers screen for the psychoactive THC instead.

What Are Cannabinoids?

Cannabinoids are chemical substances that can be obtained from the cannabis Sativa plant. The most popular among these compounds is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, also known as THC. The second most abundant substance of cannabis is cannabidiol.

Researchers observed that cannabinoids exert their effects by engaging cannabinoid receptors in the body (40) . The two primary types of receptors are the CB1 and CB2.

These receptors can be found in various areas of the body, including the nervous system.

What is the Difference Between THC and CBD?

There is a distinct difference between THC and CBD.

THC is known for its psychoactive effects when consumed, and is often associated with marijuana use. High levels of THC in the body may cause hallucinations, paranoid thoughts, and panic attacks (41) .

Meanwhile, CBD was found to be non-intoxicating. Researchers learned that cannabidiol counteracts the mind-altering effects of THC when consumed (42) .

However, one study found that a combination of both cannabinoids was able to provide subjects with better pain management than THC alone (43) .


CBD is a substance extracted from cannabis plants and is believed to have beneficial effects due to its neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory properties .

CBD does not have psychoactive effects upon consumption, unlike THC , making it an appealing choice for those seeking additional or alternative treatment for their medical conditions .

Some of CBD oil ‘s potential health benefits include pain management, social anxiety relief, alleviating cancer-related symptoms, and neuroprotection. CBD is also believed to help enhance cardiovascular health and reduce acne growth.

The World Health Organization mentioned that CBD has an excellent overall safety profile and is generally well-tolerated among human subjects. However, cannabidiol is treated like any other medication since it could interact with other drugs and medical conditions .

Users should look for CBD that has been extracted using CO 2 , is grown in areas requiring soil tests, has precisely the ingredients labeled, and contains less than 0.3% THC .